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Civil War soldiers were assigned to widely different duties depending upon the army's needs at any particular time. Some missions turned out to be far more arduous and dangerous than others. But as it turns out the chances each soldier had of surviving the war actually depended as much on avoiding common diseases as it did on dangerous battlefield situations. Many more men died of disease than of battlefield injuries.
Some of the photos below are linked to obituaries which can be accessed by clicking on the photo.
J.K. WilliamsJ.K. Williams, Co I, 18th OVI. Organized first at Athens, Ohio in Aug. and Sept. 1861. Then came service in Tennessee and Alabama from 1861-1863. They participated in the Battle of Chickamauga and then in the Siege of Chattanooga in 1864 before mustering out in Nov. 1864. 4 officers and 72 enlisted men killed in action and 1 officer and 107 enlisted men died of disease.


In the units described on this page, the deaths from disease exceeded the deaths from battlefield wounds in most cases in spite of the fact that they participated in some of the bloodiest battles of the war.



  Philip Simmons
Philip Simmons, Battery
H, 1st Ohio Light Artillery. Organized first at Camp Dennison near Cincinnati in Nov. 1861. Mustered out at Cleveland, Ohio on June 17, 1865. Action included several major battles in Virginia and Pennsylvania such as Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spottylsvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg. 10 enlisted men killed during service and 22 enlisted men died of disease.

    After Chancellorsville it was less than a month before the two armies met again at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.    
Sanford SimmonsSanford Simmons, 150th OVI. National Guard unit organized on May 5, 1864 in Cleveland, Ohio. Moved to Washington, D. C., May 7, and assigned to duty as garrison at Forts Lincoln, Saratoga, Thayer, Bunker Hill, Slocum, Totten and Stevens. Repulse of Early's attack on Washington, D. C., July 11-12. Mustered out August 23, 1864. Lost during service 2 Enlisted men killed & 10 Enlisted men by disease. William Maurice ShulerWilliam Maurice Shuler, 141st Regiment, OVI. This was a National Guard unit organized at Gallipolis, Ohio, on May 14, 1864. They left the state for Charleston, W. Va., May 21, where they had garrison duty. Attached to Reserve Division, Dept. of West Virginia, till August 25. Mustered out on September 3, 1864. No combat casualties. 4 enlisted men died of disease.
Sgt. William Preston WilliamsWilliam Preston Williams. Co G, 2nd Sergeant, 3rd WV Cavalry. Organized in December 1861. Participated in 2nd Battle of Bull Run, Gettysburg, and many other battles in Virginia, including the Appomattox Campaign culminating in Lee's surrender at Appomattox Courthouse. Then went on to Washington DC to participate in the Grand Review on May 23. Mustered out on June 23, 1865. 6 officers and 40 enlisted men killed and 136 enlisted men died of disease.
Dr. James K. JohnstonDr. James K. Johnston, surgeon in 116th OVI, which was organized at Gallipolis & Marietta, Sept. 1862. Duty in WV and Virginia. Participated in battles at Winchester in 1863, Piedmont in 1864, and then in Sheridan's Shenandoah Campaign in late 1864. Then the Siege of Petersburg and finally the pursuit of Lee to Appomattox Courthouse. Lost 4 officers and 90 enlisted men in battle and 3 officers and 88 enlisted men to disease.

James H.M. MontgomeryCapt. James H.M. Montgomery, Co. F & S, 33rd OVI. Organized at Portsmouth, Ohio, Oct. 1861. Service in Kentucky, Tennessee and Alabama in 1861-1863. Battle of Chickamauga, Siege of Chattanooga, and then March to the Sea  and Seige of Savannah. Campaign of the Carolinas in 1865 including the surrender of Johnston and his army, followed by march to Washington DC for the Grand Review on May 24, 1865. 7 officers and 130 enlisted men killed in battle and 3 officers and 192 enlisted men died of disease. Discharged as a Lieutenant Colonel. A drawing of him is also included in the Veterans I album.

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