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         Gallia County News During the  War

as recorded in articles in the Gallipolis Journal from 1861 - 1865. These articles were researched and transcribed, unless otherwise indicated, by Eva Swain Hughes. The Articles are divided into five pages with a separate page for each year. Click on the year you wish to see.

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                     1861                   1862                  1863                  1864                  1865

The Gallipolis Journal
January 1, 1863

     The soldiers in the various Hospitals belonging to the Federal army, seem to have everywhere enjoyed the pleasures of Christmas [. . .] The soldiers in the General Hospital at Gallipolis were not forgotten by our patriotic ladies. Although the notice was short, yet many nobly responded to the call of Dr. Davis, and ably seconded his efforts to make the sick and convalescent soldiers under his charge as happy as possible. The result was that 214 surrounded a table loaded with every delicacy of the season, particularly turkey and oysters, to all of which they did ample justice. After dinner, Reverends Rowe and Sturges, responded in very appropriate addresses to a patriotic sentiment offered by Dr. Davis. The exercises were closed by prayer by Rev. Sturges. In the evening the soldiers were addressed by Dr. Davis. The efforts of this gentleman and his assistants, to render the condition of the soldiers under their charge as comfortable as possible, merit the highest praise. Everything which can be done to relieve their wants, or restore them to health, is done promptly, and the consequence is that the number has been greatly reduced, by those who being able, have joined their regiments, or unfit for duty, have been discharged. The inmates now number about 230, nearly all in a convalescent state.

The Gallipolis Journal
January 1, 1863 

     Died, Nov. 4th, 1862, of flux, Oliver Fulton, near Helena, Arkansas, aged nineteen years.—Oliver, like many others, though young, heard his country's call and over twelve months ago volunteered in Co. E, 56th Regiment O.V., and since then, with many others, suffered many privations and hardships. Though his labor is (un)finished, his warfare is ended. No more will his pleasant voice be heard around the domestic or social circle; we shall see him no more here, but we trust our loss is his gain. Let us who mourn our loss be humble and thankful that the hand of the enemy has not fallen upon us. Oliver was a good boy, and was respected by all that knew him. He was a good and dutiful soldier. "It is the Lord that giveth, and him that taketh, and blessed be his name." [Followed by the first verse of America.]

The Gallipolis Journal
January 8, 1863

     Mr. Journal:—Permit us through the columns of your paper, to return thanks to the citizens of Gallipolis for the liberal encouragement given to our efforts, in behalf of the poor, both by contributions and their presence at our supper on last Tuesday evening, and would assure all that every effort will be used to see that their bounty is worthily bestowed. May the New Year, so auspiciously begun by remembering Him who hath said, the "Poor ye have always with you" and "inasmuch as ye do it to one of these, ye do it also to me," bring to all the Promised Blessing both as a reward and an incentive to further effort in so good a cause. To Mr. J. Smithers, Mr. J. Mullineaux, and some six to eight members of the Trumbull Guards, our thanks are especially due, for assistance given for fitting up the rooms. Ladies of the Aid Society

The Gallipolis Journal
January 15, 1863

     Captain C. C. Ross, of Company I, 18th O.V.I., was slightly wounded at the battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. The name of no other Gallia county Volunteer appears among the casualties. Geo. W. Bowen, son of Mr. Columbus Bowen, of Lawrence county, member of Company E Sixth Ohio Regiment, (Guthrie Grays,) is also reported among the slightly wounded. He has two brothers in the same Company, both of whom escaped injury. On our first page will be found a letter from C. C. Bowen, one of these patriotic young men, written prior to the battle. He tells some wholesome truths, particularly in regard to the Northern traitors.

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                                  Top of Page
January 22, 1863

[Adjusted for inflation ten dollars would have been the equivalent of $183.85 in 2012.]

      GALLIPOLIS, January 16, 1863 To the Secretary of the Aid Society, Gallipolis, Ohio
Dear Madam:—At the last regular meeting of Ariel Lodge No. 156, I.O.O.F., it was resolved that the sum of Ten Dollars be donated to the Ladies' Aid Society. Therefore in consideration of the above resolution you will please find enclosed Ten Dollars. Hoping it may prove of some assistance to you in your deeds of charity, we subscribe ourselves, Yours very Respectfully, Officers and Members of Ariel Lodge No. 156 I.O.O.F.

     For the above you have the warmest thanks of the Ladies' Aid Society, and rest assured your donation, so worthily bestowed, will assist in warming and making comfortable the destitute in our midst, particularly those whose husbands and fathers are not only braving the dangers of war, but suffering privations incidental to the same. We would just mention here, that our funds for the present will be used to alleviate the sufferings of the needy. Should we receive a special call from the Sanitary Commission we will respond as readily as heretofore. In behalf of the Ladies' Aid Society, I subscribe myself,
     Mrs. S. M. Harper, Sec'y.

The Gallipolis Journal
January 29, 1863

     Letters for Richmond. Persons having friends [who are] prisoners at Richmond, can comunicate with them by letter by leaving the letter unsealed, directing in the care of Gen. Dix, Fortress Monroe, and writing on the upper edge "Per flag of Truce." Letters should be pre-paid to Fortress Monroe.

The Gallipolis Journal
February 5, 1863

     The ordinance obliging owners of hogs in Gallipolis to keep them shut up, seems for months past to be a dead letter. Scores of "grunters" perambulate the streets, adding their mite to the mixture by rooting in places where the road would otherwise escape destruction. It is said the ordinance is defective and cannot be enforced. If so, there is a State law by which the owners of hogs who suffer them to go at large, without some means to effectually prevent their rooting, shall pay a fine of $1,00 per head, and be liable in damages to persons injured. Let it be enforced.

The Gallipolis Journal
February 12, 1863

     Our enterprising citizen, Moses Frank, has removed his Clothing store to his new three story building on Court street, which he has fitted up in splendid style, and where he will be found at all times ready to wait on all who give him a call. Few of our enterprising business men have done more to beautify our town with substantial buildings, regardless of cost, than Mr. Frank. This is the second building of the kind he has erected in a short time. Such men deserve not only encouragement in their line of business, but special mention as men who have the courage to erect buildings creditable to the town, and the tast and judgment fitting them to do it.
     We hear of quite a number of buildings in contemplation by several of our capitalists, all of which if carried into effect, will greatly beautify and give character to the place. In due time we will be happy to notice all such cases. Meanwhile, property is rapidly changing hands, and going up in value. The abundance of money, renders everyone more anxious to invest in real estate, than on loan. Money is becoming every day more difficult to invest safely, at rates beyond six percent. The advantage in real estate pays far beyond that figure. Those are wisest who improve the chances now offering.

[Although this was a Meigs County resident the obituary was published in the Gallipolis Journal and so is presented here.]

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                                   Top of Page
February 26, 1863
[Taken from the Pomeroy (Meigs Co.) Daily Telegraph]

Lieut. Alfred Bing.

     Wounded at the battle of Corinth, Miss., Oct. 3d, and died Oct. 6, 1862, Lieut. Alfred Bing of Co. C, 2d Regiment Iowa Volunteer Infantry, aged 33 years.
     Lieut. Bing emigrated from Meigs County to the West in the year 1855, where he resided until the breaking out of the great rebellion, when duty calling him from the peaceful vocations to his country's aid, he enlisted as a private in the 2d Iowa Regiment.—Shortly after Fremont's campaign in Missouri, he was tendered a Major's commission in the army by Gov. Gamble, but declined it, preferring to remain in the ranks. He was, however, afterwards induced to accept a 2d Lieutenant's commission for his real worth as a soldier, and held the position with honor, during the many long and wearisome marches of the Regiment in Southern Missouri. In February, 1862, the Regiment was ordered to Kentucky, where it arrived in time to participate in the siege of Ft. Donelson. Lieut. Bing distinguished himself for his energy and personal bravery during the terrible battle which followed, and the 2d Iowa was the first Regiment to hoist its victorious colors over the captured fortress. Here his Captain was killed, the 1st Lieutenant very severely, and himself slightly wounded. Out of sixty-one men of his Company who entered that battle, twenty-nine were killed and wounded! Gen. Smith in addressing the Regiment after the battle, said to them: "Iowa boys, every man of you is brave."
     The changes which followed in Company officers made him a 1st Lieutenant, which office he has since held. He was next in the great battle of Shiloh, during its two fearful days of sanguinary conflict, and from its fatigues and exposures, he contracted a fever which prostrated him for weeks, and came very near ending his life; but in the care of the faithful "Sisters of Charity," in St. Louis, where he was conveyed, he was partially restored to health, and after a brief visit to his children near Rock Island, Illinois, he again eagerly sought his Regiment to share its dangers upon the field of Corinth, where he fell mortally wounded with his face to the enemy. He expected to be killed during the war, but valued his life as nothing compared with his duty to his country. To his aged parents, his orphan children, and many personal friends, we tender the condolence and earnest sympathy of a common country, upon whose altar of devotion, thousands have lain [sic] their lives with his to secure for us the inestimable blessings of liberty.

"When the dreams of life are fled,
When its wasted lamps are dead;
When in cold oblivion's shade
Beauty, fame, and power are laid;
Where immortal spirits reign,
There may we all meet again."
Rutland, O., Nov. 15th, 1862. B.

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                              Top of Page
March 5, 1863

Lieut. D. H. Moore, of Company H, 27th Regiment O.V.I. stationed at Corinth, Mississippi, informs me by letter that the Gallia boys from Greenfield, Raccoon, and Huntington townships, are all well . . .

Capt. C. C. Ross, of Company I, 18th Regiment O.V.I. is home on furlough, fully recovered from his injuries. He reports the Gallia boys in his company in good health and spirits. From the appearance of the gallant Captain, we should judge fighting agreed with him.

Capt. Jas. P. Drouillard reached here Monday morning, en route for the Army of the Cumberland, assigned to Gen. Rosecrans' staff. The gallant Captain asked to be transferred to more active duty, and at the request of Gen. Rosecrans the War Department assigned him to the Army of the Cumberland. He is a capital officer, and beloved by all who are so fortunate as to know him. He will make his mark high up before the war ends.—He leaves to-day (Wednesday) for duty.

By a private letter received from Nashville, we learn that John L. Guy, nephew of Mr. V. Switzer of this county, has suffered the amputation of his left arm at the elbow. In May last he received a severe wound in the breast while guarding a bridge, from which he recovered and rejoined his regiment, and at the battle of Murfreesboro had the thumb and forefinger of the left hand shot away, the same shot shattering one bone of the arm near the wrist. An effort was made to save the rest of the hand, but mortification set in which rendered a second amputation necessary. The young hero declined a discharge after receiving the first wound, preferring the service to civil life, and now returns home a cripple for life in the glorious cause of his country.

Maj. O. H. Davis, Surgeon in charge of the U.S. Military Hospital at Gallipolis, was absent at Marietta last week, on business connected with the service. On his return he was very unexpectedly called upon to attend a meeting of the Hospital corps and patients to come off last Monday morning at 9 A.M. At the hour fixed, the officers and patients to the number of 300, assembled in one of the wards, when Dr. Wilson by direction of the donors—presented to Maj. Davis a magnificent sword, with a very appropriate speech. . . . The Maj. . . .may well be proud of this rich and beautiful gift. It is an "heir loom" of which his children and their descendants may also be proud. . . . As to the sword itself, . . . its beauty and richness may be imagined when we state its price at $300. . . . The sword may be seen for a few days, in the show window of William Shober, on the public square.

The Gallipolis Journal
March 19, 1863

The State of Ohio, Executive Department, Columbus, March 5, 1863
To the Gallia Military Committee:
     Gentlemen: Both branches of the General Assembly, by a unanimous vote, have instructed me to issue a certificate of service and discharge of the patriotic men of our State, who tendered their services in September last to repel the threatened invasion of our southern border. So [to] carry out this wish of the Legislature, I have to request you to furnish me the names of all who thus volunteered from your county.
     The people of the State owe a debt of deep gratitude to the gallant "Squirrel Hunters," who by their prompt response to the call made upon them, saved the cities and towns upon our southern border from the fire and sword of the enemies of our glorious government. I therefore doubt not that you will cheerfully co-operate with me in carrying out the wishes of the General Assembly.
     Respectfully, yours,
     David Tod, Governor

In compliance with the above the officers of the various companies of "Squirrel Hunters," organized in September last, are requested to forward to the Gallia Military Committee a copy of their muster rolls, for transmission to Columbus. Care should be taken to render the names perfectly legible.

[You can see a copy of one of these certificates by clicking on this link: Certificate]

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                                   Top of Page
April 2, 1863

Vinton, March 30, '63
Mr. Harper:
     I learn from the Cincinnati Gazette of the 28th inst., that Robert Gay, of Company D, 71st Regiment, Indiana Volunteers, who was convicted by court-martial in Indianapolis, some time since, for desertion to the enemy, taking the oath of allegiance to the Confederate Government and returning as a spy, was shot on the 27th inst., near the Burnside Barracks. This young man learned the trade of tanning and currying from Judge Matthews, in this town; his mother for her second husband married James Wright of this (Huntington) Township, and died some years since; she was a sister of Mr. Waterman Palmer, a wholesale merchant of Pittsburg.
     Anselm T. Holcomb

The Gallipolis Journal
April 16, 1863

     Gallia county in the death of Maj. John R. Blessing, of the 91st O.V., has sustained a loss of one of her best and most highly respectable citizens. Few men within her limits, had so extensive a circle of friends. Upright and honest in all his dealings, he transacted a large amount of business, with a conscientious regard for the rights of others, and upon principles of the most sterling integrity. Devoted to the cause of the Union, from the beginning of the rebellion he was untiring in his efforts in behalf of his country. With him treason was a crime deserving the harshest punishment. He raised in this county at his own cost, in the summer of 1861, a company of Cavalry, and proceeded with them to Columbus, but owing to "red tape influence," was obliged to disband and come home.
     Upon the organization of the 91st O.V., he was chosen as Major, and entered on the duties of the office with all the ardor and energy common to his nature. But the fatigues of camp life, were too severe for his constitution, naturally weak, and after a severe illness caused by inflammation of the stomach, during which he suffered greatly, he died at his residence on Friday last, whither he had been removed a few days previous from the camp of the 91st, near Gauley. His family has sustained an irreparable loss. His Regiment and the whole community equally so.
     His remains were followed to the grave by an immense concourse of people. The military honors were performed by the Trumbull Guards and Hospital corps.

The Gallipolis Journal
April 16, 1863

War Meeting
     April 6th, A.D. 1863 will long live in the memory of the citizens of Gallipolis, Ohio. Early in the day, a war meeting was announced for the evening in the M. E. church. Small groups were seen on the corners of the streets conversing earnestly on the events of the evening, and it began to be evident that this grand Union rally was to be one of the largest and most enthusiastic that the citizens of this place had seen for years.
     Ere the shades of the evening had set in, the loyal hearted, patriotic men, women and children, were seen wending their way to the appointed place of meeting. The church was filled to overflowing, reminding one of the sentiment of God's word—"pressed down, shaken together, and runnning over." The meeting was called to order by the election of Roman Menager, President, and J. G. Damron, Secretary.—On motion, it was resolved to appoint a Committee, whose duty it should be to draft resolutions expressing sentiments on the war question. Messrs. A. Vance, R. Black, and C. J. Menager constituted said Committee.
     The Rev. G. W. Collier, Chaplain of the 34th Regiment O.V.I., was then introduced by the President. He opened his remarks by referring to the change of sentiment among the masses of Ohio people on the war question, for having traveled extensively through the State for the last thirty days, and having been a close observer of the sentiments and actions of that class of persons who have been in sympathy with the Southern Confederacy, and its supporters, that they are either changing their sentiments and advocating a vigorous prosecution of the war, or they are growing beautifully less and becoming mum in their secesh proclivities. The great masses of the people are thoroughly loyal, and manifest in enthusiasm unparalleled for our glorious Republic, the Union, the whole Union, and nothing but the Union. That this sentiment was expressed irrespective of partisan principles, that the masses are forgetting old party feelings and party prejudices in the hour of our nation's peril, and flocking enmasse to the support of our institutions. The speaker referred to communications which had been written by Northern sympathizers to the Federal army in the fields, in such language as to make the tender conscience and heart of such Northern sympathizers to quake. It seemed here that his anathemas were too intolerable to be borne, showing most unmistakably that all such sympathizers belonged to no party. He referred to his experience in the field, in such a manner as to convince those of a thinking mind that our course is a just and righteous one, and must and will prevail. His anecdotes were well chosen; his style chaste; his manner easy; in short, it was an admirable speech, and appreciated by the audience, who from time to time received it with enthusiastic cheering. The speaker in his closing remarks referred to the Union Leagues which were being organized at different points in the State, and through his suggestions the meeting proceeded to organize a Union League by choosing Roman Menager, President, R. Black, Vice President, and S. B. Rathburn, Secretary. The committee to draft resolutions, reported the following which was adopted unanimously by a rising vote.
     Your Committee beg leave respectfully to report: Whereas the good people of Gallipolis and vicinity have ever entertained an abiding faith in the permanency and integrity of our glorious Union; therefore
Resolved, 1st. That we view with feelings of unfeigned pleasure, the revival throughout our
     country of an unmistakable patriotism in crushing out sympathy with those who would
     destroy our Government.
Resolved, 2d. That we view the recent reverses of the rebel arms in West Virginia, as the
     forerunner of the speedy downfall of the rebellion.
Resolved, 3d. That it behooves every man to give his cordial support to all measures tending to
     crush the unnatural rebellion, and we hereby pledge all our resources of men and money to
     consummate the great result.
Resolved, 4th. That we know but one treatment for traitors, and but one test for Union
     men—hemp or conical blue pills for traitors, and he that does not approve the prescription
     can but be a traitor.
Resolved, 5th. That it is worse than idle to attempt reconciliation or compromise with armed
     traitors, or those in sympathy with them.
Resolved, 6th. That we consider all persons who do not come out unconditionally and    
     enthusiastically for the Union, as in sympathy with the accursed objects of this unholy
A. Vance, Robert Black, C. J. Menager. Committee  After which there were three cheers offered for the Union. On motion it was agreed that the proceedings of the meeting be published in the Gallipolis Journal and Dispatch. The meeting adjourned with much good feeling and warm hearts for the Union cause in America's fair land.
     R. Menager,      President, J. G. Damron, Secretary.

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                                   Top of Page
April 23, 1863

     A lady by name of Roberts, from Cannelton, Va., was drowned at our wharf on Saturday night last, in attempting to get on board the Government Boat B. C. Levi. The night was very dark, and no light burning on the boat, between which and the wharf boat a barge was then lying, that did not extend the whole length of the steamboat, it is supposed she stepped off the barge directly into the water. One of the hands on the Gen. Meigs having a light, discovered her floating on the water, and at once jumped overboard to rescue her, which he did in a few minutes, but too late to save life. The inflated condition of her clothing, in consequence of a hooped skirt, caused her head to remain under water, until strangled. She seemed to be about 45 years of age.—Mr. James Skees took the body in charge, which we have been informed has been returned to her friends. Persons passing to and fro on these boats cannot be too careful, especially after night.—This is not the first accident of the kind that has occurred at this post and yet people seem as reckless as ever. A light suspended on board would greatly aid persons going on board, in guarding against danger, and we are informed it is hereafter designed to do so.

The Gallipolis Journal
April 23, 1863

     Our friend Capt. Jas. H. Montgomery, Co. F, 33d Regiment O. V. I., is home on furlough, for a few days, after an uninterrupted absence of 18 months. The Captain looks finely, although few men in the service have done better fighting and more of it than he. He is one of the man of whom old Gallia can be proud. He was a Democrat of the strictest kind at the outbreak of the war, but has done his duty nobly as a patriot. On the "nigger" he says the disease has not affected him in the least. He is for his country, first, last, and always, and is the man for the times.

     Capt. Jas. Campbell, of Company M, 7th O. V. C., is home on short furlough, and aside from rheumatics, with which the gallant Captain has been sorely afflicted, we never saw him look better. He reports the Gallia boys of his command right side up, and equal to their rations, except a few who are down with measles (sic).

The Gallipolis Journal
April 23, 1863

     The General Assembly, at its late session, passed a law authorizing the Governor to purchase ground in Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, for the burial of Union soldiers. In pursuance thereof, Governor Tod on last Friday selected three lots, large enough to bury 1200 soldiers. The price fixed to be paid by the State, was $3000.
     Hitherto, no ground has been selected or purchased for a soldiers' burial place at Gallipolis, although a great number have died at the General Hospital, or brought here from other places. A large space of ground in the public Cemetery is already filled up. The limits of the Cemetery grounds are too small to answer the requirements of the town. Would it not be advisable to have some suitable ground purchased near the Hospital, specially devoted to the burial of soldiers? Our "city fathers" should take the matter under "advisement" before any more are interred in the Cemetery.
     Our brave soldiers who have given up their lives in defence [sic] of their country, deserve a resting place in the most beautiful and romantic spot of the land, where their monuments will always remain as "potent orators" in behalf of freedom, ever to be held sacred by every true patriot, and by which future generations may be reminded of the immense debt of gratitude they owe the memory of these noble sons of liberty. A soldier's final home, where shall it be?

The Gallipolis Journal
April 23, 1863

     A young gentleman of the age of twenty-two, wishes to correspond with some young lady, intelligent and good looking, with a view of some day marrying. I am a soldier in the army, and have been for two years. I have no relations. The last relative was killed at Corinth, on the 4th of October, 1862. Address, W. G. Bell, Co. G, 27th Reg. O. V. I., Corinth, Miss.

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                                   Top of Page
May 21, 1863

Mr. Harper:
     I am constantly writing and receiving letters in behalf [of] our brave soldiers, but the following just at hand, possesses unusual interest, and will touch many hearts. If you have room for it, I beg you will insert it in your columns. Yours sincerely, Charles R. Blake, Hospital Chaplain U. S. General Hospital, Gallipolis, O., May 12, 1863

Orange, May 4th, 1863
To the Reverend Mr. Blake—Dear Sir:
     Your touching appeals for religious reading for your Hospital, have reached the hearts of the Ladies of the Orange Army Relief Association of N.J., the results of which, two boxes have been sent to the Quartermaster at New York, to be forwarded to you as soon as possible; one box contains books &c., the other a few comforts for the sick and wounded. We hope they will reach you in safety, and with them we send many prayers that they may prove a blessing to our poor suffering soldiers.
     Your appeal touched a chord in my own heart, which perhaps, will not be uninteresting to you to know now that your location has always caused a chord to vibrate for many years past in my heart. Twenty years ago, my only son, a young man of 22 years, with his young wife, left us to become a farmer in Illinois. He commenced his journey with right principles, and with a firm determination that he would not travel on the Lord's day. He met on his journey discouragements which would have shaken the resolution of a more experienced christian. But he was firm. There were no facilities for traveling then as there are at the present day. The second Saturday evening found them at Gallipolis. They left [the] steamboat, and on the Sabbath morning went to the Presbyterian church.—As they were there some time before the service commenced, a gentleman, seeing they were strangers spoke to them, and enquired where they were from, and finding their object in staying there, told them that they must go home with them, as they never allowed any to stay at the public house who tarried with them over the Sabbath for convenience sake. He took them home, and they forgot that they were strangers, and on Monday they pursued their journey refreshed in body, and greatly comforted by this act of christian hospitality. You will not doubt that act of christian love touched his mother's heart; and Gallipolis has been a place of deep interest ever since.—The next Sabbath they spent at Shawneetown, sick; but there they felt they were strangers, for no kind deacon took them by the hand. The next Sabbath was spent in St. Louis, where he remained but 11 days, and then entered into his everlasting Sabbath of rest and joy. When I knew you had a Hospital at Gallipolis, I was delighted to feel that I could, if even in a small degree, repay the debt of love I owe. Our hearts sympathize very deeply with our poor sick soldiers away from all the comforts and endearments of home.—I feel assured that the kind people of Gallipolis will do all in their power to alleviate their sufferings. And tell them, my dear sir, that there are constant prayers offered at the mercy-seat for them. They are not forgotten.
     I am sure you will excuse this little narrative, though from a stranger; and be assured of our constant sympathy in your labor of love; and may you have the joy of seeing many, very many under your care, laying down the weapons of this rebellion, and yielding themselves in great obedience to Jesus, the captain of their salvation. With sympathy and respect, I remain yours in the bonds of christian love. (name omitted).

(From the editor) The letter closes with a desire to hear of the safe arrival of the boxes, and mentions that the Ladies Association of Orange have already made up and distributed, no less than 60 such boxes!

The Gallipolis Journal
May 21, 1863

     John H. Robinson, an aged citizen of our place, who makes a living by selling apples, &c., was robbed of $75 in money on Saturday last, by a young woman named Minerva South, who had been residing for some two weeks with his family. It seems Mr. Robinson and his wife left home on the morning of Saturday, to visit a friend in the upper end of town.—During their absence, Miss South broke open a trunk containing the money, a large proportion of it being dimes and half dimes, and after tying up a lot of clothing, which, however, she did not take with her, locked up the house, left the key at a neighbor's, and decamped for parts unknown. All efforts to ascertain her whereabouts have thus far failed. The loss is a heavy one to Mr. Robinson. Our citizens cannot be too cautious in these lawless times about admitting strangers into their houses. A large number of females are strolling over town seeking employment, but of whose character little favorable can be said. It is good policy to decline all applications unless well recommended.

     L. J. Gray, of Berlin Cross Roads, Jackson county, Ohio, and Richard Burlingame, alias "Yankee Dick," were arrested on the 14th inst., by Lieut. Gilman, with a force of Trumbull Guards, on a charge of counterfeiting. They were examined before Mayor Damron, and held to bail in $750 each, in default of which they were committed to jail, to await their trial at the June term of the Court. This is a very important arrest—these men are scoundrels of the first water, fully qualified for the penitentiary or Secessia, and we don't care which. They have "got into the wrong pew" in coming to Gallipolis. Lieut. Gilman and his men deserve the thanks of our citizens for their prompt action in ridding us of the worthies before they had time to scatter their trash among our citizens.

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                                  Top of Page
June 11, 1863

Capt. Henry Grayum of the 4th Va. has arrived home from Vicksburg. During the assault on that place, when charging at the head of his company, he was wounded by a musket ball in the left fore-arm. No bones were broken, but the wound is quite painful. The Captain looks as if he has seen service—and performed his share of it. He speaks confidently of the success of our army at Vicksburg, that the capture of that place is only a matter of time, which may be solved very shortly. He states that our army is in fine condition and fully prepared for any force Johnston can bring to bear upon their rear.

The Gallipolis Journal
June 11, 1863

     A murder was committed in our town on last Friday, the facts of which as near as can be ascertained, are these: James Driver, a private of the 4th Va. V.I., has for some time past been an inmate of the General Hospital.—On Friday he by some means obtained leave to come into town, and soon became intoxicated. In this condition he entered the grocery of Mr. Hanks, on Pine street, and demanded liquor.—Being refused, he grossly insulted the wife of Mr. Hanks, then in the store, and was ordered to leave by the proprietor. This he declined, when Mr. Geo. Weaver, a policeman, stepped in and obliged him to go out. He struck at Weaver several times, which the latter sharply returned with a pound weight. Driver left the house, declaring that he would return in an hour and shoot Weaver. He immediately went to the hospital, obtained his musket, and came back to Pine street, where he found Weaver sitting in the door of his [sic] shop. Without a moment's warning, Driver fired, the ball passing through the body of Weaver, causing his death in about thirty minutes. He leaves a widow and children with very little means of support. Thus has another of our citizens been murdered in open day, and a good soldier, through the influence of whiskey, placed himself in a situation where his own life is in imminent peril. We envy not the feelings of the grog-seller who, for a paltry half dime, furnished the fiery poison, under the influence of which the crime was committed. Driver has a terribly afflicted family in Pomeroy—two children born blind, a feeble wife, and to add to their misery, the father is now incarcerated for the highest crime known to our laws.

U. S. Military Hospital, Gallipolis, Ohio, June 7, 1863
     We would most respectfully refer our friends and the Public in general to our rules on visiting at Hospital on the Sabbath. Our nurses and other employees wish to have one day in seven as a day of rest, and should have it. Yet during the past few Sabbaths visitors have been so numerous, that it has been the most laborious day of the week, to our employees. We are happy to receive our friends during the week.
     James R. Bell, Act. Asst. Surgeon U. S. A. in charge

     Capt. James Mossman is building a steamboat on the second bank of the river opposite the Island. From the present stage of the river he can take time to have the work [sic] thoroughly seasoned before placing it in the water.—In a perpendicular line the boat would "drap" about 30 feet before reaching the water. It is reported that about thirty boats are in process of building between this port and Pittsburg. Glorious times for lumbermen and boatbuilders. How it will turn it [sic] with the owners, we will be able to speak more definitely hereafter.

     Our correspondent at Carthage, Tenn., under date of 3d inst., informs us that the Kanawha Division, under command of Gen. Geo. Crook, was to move that day to Liberty, Tenn. This places the Division on Rosecrans' left, and in the front, and means active service. Letters for this Division should be addressed to Nashville, Tenn., "to follow."

The Gallipolis Journal
June 18, 1863

    Capt. Smith of the Trumbull Guards has been superceded [sic] as commander of this post, by Capt. Hunter of the 23d Regiment O. V. I. The Guards are to go into camp just below town, and continue on duty at this post.

     Capt. C. A. Shepherd of the 4th Reg. Virginia Volunteer Infantry, will leave for his regiment on Friday week, 26th inst., and the friends of the boys will have an opportunity to send letters direct to the regiment by leaving them at either of the drug stores or at E. Deletombe's.

     The following gentlemen were selected as delegates to the Union convention, to be held at Columbus to-day (Wednesday) 17th inst.: Jos. Bradbury, R. L. Stewart, E. S. Aleshire, and Austin Barton; with the following alternates: W. W. Gates, S. A. Nash, C. A. Smith, and Jacob Kerns.

     The copperheads at Ewington in this county are endeavoring to play a bold game of treason, in which we hope they will receive the attention of the proper authorities. A few nights since they secretly tore down the national flag which floated over the Ewington Academy, and have made various threats against Union citizens. A school exhibition was given on Friday evening, and the copperheads boasted a day or two previous that they would break it up. The Union men determined to suffer no interference, and consequently procured the battle-flag of Capt., now Major Adney, and flung it to the breeze at the top of the Academy, amid deafening shouts. The exhibition Friday evening came off at the appointed time, and continued until three o'clock next morning, and everything passed off quietly. The copperheads were afraid to show their hands, and we presume it was well they did not. A squad of the Trumbull Guards, under command of Lieut. Freer, sent out to hunt up clothing &c., happened in the neighborhood, and attended the exhibition, and had it been necessary, they certainly would have attended to the copperheads. Under the leadership of a half witted creature, the Ewington copperheads are doing all in their power against the Government and in aid of the rebellion. We earnestly warn these scoundrels to stop where they are, for all opposition to the government, whether by act or word, will bring down upon the offenders, no matter how many or how few they be, the stern and fearful punishment that the law ordains.

Wanted — Correspondence
     Two good-looking and strictly moral young men, in the army of the Cumberland, desires [sic] to open a correspondence with as many pretty and accomplished young ladies, with a view to friendship and its results. None but those whose hearts are in the cause of freedom, need reply. Photograph desired, and receive one in return. Address with confidence, WM. CORWIN, and JOHN HULBERT, Co. I, 36th Reg. O.V.I., Carthage, Tenn.

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                                  Top of Page
June 25, 1863

    Gov. Tod has authority to raise one regiment of colored troops in Ohio. One or two companies might easily be raised in Gallia county. A great many applications have been made to the military Committee of Gallia county, for authority to recruit colored soldiers. No doubt this will be given. This county can furnish a regiment of as fine colored troops as can be found in the State. We believe it will be done if the right kind of men be placed in command.—The Committee should use the utmost caution in selecting the officers, so as to guard against placing power in the hands of petty tyrants who have yet to learn that " a negro has some rights which a white man is bound to respect" when under arms, and fighting in defense of our country. The government places them on equal footing with white troops as to clothing and rations, arms, pay, &c., and if they do their duty as brave soldiers they should be treated as such.
     To the colored men of Gallia county we would say, the opportunity now offered you, is one of the utmost importance to your race. An opportunity is afforded you to relieve yourselves in a measure of that degradation to which a false sense of justice on part of the white race has hitherto doomed you. This was owing more to the baneful influence of the slave-power, than any inherent natural prejudice. Your race has groaned in anguish under the iron rod of the slave-holder. The fetters are at last broken. Your chains have fallen off, not of your own will or power, but through the blind fatuity of your oppressors. The day of retribution is at hand. Strike whilst the opportunity lasts. Show yourselves as men, able and willing to defend your rights to the last extremity. Fly to arms, not only to protect your own firesides, but to give freedom to your fellow men.
     If by remaining supinely at home, taking no part in this gigantic war for the rights of the human race, without regard to color, you must show yourselves fitted only to be slaves, you must not hereafter complain, if the white race takes you at your word, and suffer(s) you to fall back into that bondage from which you might have escaped by a prompt and hearty response to the call of your country. Turn out manfully, and show to the world how false the position you have been forced to occupy, is, to your nature and capacity. Let it be seen that you are not only worthy of liberty but know how to acquire it. And when the rebellion has finally been crushed out, and your oppressors crushed out with it, a home in the "sunny South" congenial to your wants will be thrown open to your industry, and instead of the slave-holder revelling in luxury from the products of your labor, you will receive for the same, that just recompense, which God designed that every man should receive.

The Gallipolis Journal
June 25, 1863

    Several promotions have been made lately in the 91st O.V. Capt. Cadot has been promoted to Major, that office becoming vacant by the death of Maj. Blessing. Lieut. S. F. Neal of Co. A has been made Capt. 2d Lieut. L. Williams, 1st Lieut. And 1st Sgt. E. E. Ewing 2d Lieut. These appointments are all good, and well merited by the parties receiving them. Dr. R. Newton has been appointed Surgeon.

     Lt. Jas. Dale of the 4th Virginia Vol. Infantry reached here on Wednesday last. He was wounded at the battle of Vicksburg, taken prisoner, and paroled. Was in the doomed city about two weeks ago, saw and heard sufficient to convince him the city cannot hold out much longer. He was struck in the head by a minnie [sic] ball, producing a painful but not dangerous wound. The gallant Lieutenant hopes to be able to return to duty shortly, for he is anxious to get even with the rebs. He brought with him a specimen of rebel bread, which is composed of cornmeal and beans.

Negro Regiment in Ohio, Columbus, Ohio, June 17, 1863
     The colored regiment ordered to be raised, will be for three years or during the war. The camp of rendezvous will be in Delaware; it is now in readiness to receive troops. The officers will all be white men. Applications for recruiting commissions must be accompanied by the recommendation of the Military Committee of the county in which the applicant resides.
     David Tod, Governor

The Gallipolis Journal
July 2, 1863

Who Are Entitled top Pensions?
     The question is often asked, "Who are entitled to draw pension?" The act of Congress, passed July, 1862, made liberal provision for providing pensions to disabled or invalid soldiers who have served in the army of the Union since the 4th of March, 1861, and also to all widows and children (under sixteen years of age,) as well as mothers and dependent sisters of soldiers killed in battle, or who shall die by reason of wounds received or diseases contracted while in the line of duty. The provisions, as a whole, are much more liberal than the old pension laws for the Revolution or the war of 1812. The amount of pensions for total disabiltity are fixed as follows:
     Noncommissioned officers, musicians and privates, per month $8; Second Lieutenants, $15; First Lieutenants, $17; Captains, $20; Majors, $25; all officers of higher rank, $30.
But a large majority of those accepted as pensioners are only partially disabled, and the amount of pension is rated according to their disability, which may be one-fourth, one-third, one-half, two-thirds, &c. The disability is based on the proportion which the effects of a wound received or disease contracted in public service actually disables one from obtaining a livelihood.

     The enrolment [sic] of persons liable to draft in Gallipolis township, has been completed. From it we learn that in the 1st class, comprising all married men between 20 and 35 years of age, and all single men between 20 and 45 years, there are: Whites, 316 Colored, 162 Total 478; of the 2d class, composed of married men between 35 and 45 years of age, there are: Whites, 206 Colored, 23 Total 229 making a force liable to draft, of both classes, 707.

     The recent expeditions under Col. Saunders consisted of the First East Tennessee Infantry and detachments of the Second and Seventh Ohio Cavalry, forty-fifth Ohio and One hundred and Twelfth Mounted Infantry, Wolford's Kentucky cavalry, and one section of Kemble's battery.—It left on the 12th and reached Boston on the 23d, having been gone eleven days, having accomplished a great work with very few casualties.

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                                  Top of Page
July 9, 1863

     About thirty members of Companies B and I, of the 2d Va. Cavalry, were gobbled up by the rebels near the mouth of Loup creek, some ten days since, and the officers of the General Meigs, which arrived Monday evening, report another Company of the same Regiment captured, while on a scout near Logan C. H. This looks as though somebody deserves Court-martialing.

         The soldiers in Camp Brough, return their sincere thanks to the ladies of Gallipolis, for the Pic-nic which they so kindly gave them on the 4th inst.—Also to Capt. G. J. Stealey, Quartermaster, for furnishing lumber for tables, &c., to Major Webb, and W. H. Langley, Esq., for sugar and ice. It was a pleasant affair. All appeared to enjoy themselves. The dinner was excellent, and "just suited to our tastes." We would be happy to have them come around often.
A. A. Hunter, Capt. Commanding Post
C. W. Smith, Capt. Trumbull Guards
T. P. Gilman, 1st Lieut. Trumbull Guards
J. D. Freer, 2d Lieut. Trumbull Guards
J. H. Lawhead, Lieut. Comd'g detachment 9th Virginia
A. Winters, Lieut. Surgeon in Charge of Camp

     On Monday evening, a little daughter of a Mr. McGuire, living on the corner of Fourth and State streets, fell dead while playing in the street with some children of her own age.—She was previously in good health, and the suddeness of her demise seems unaccountable.

The Gallipolis Journal
July 9, 1863

Glorious News. Vicksburg Surrendered. 24,000 Prisoners.
     The following is a copy of a dispatch received at this office on Tuesday evening, and any man who doubts the correctness of the news, is a rebel.
     "Official report from Admiral Porter to Secretary Welles, says: Vicksburg surrendered July 4th, at 10 o'clock A. M., with 24,000 prisoners, all their guns, ammunition, &c."

The Gallipolis Journal
July 9, 1863

The Ohio Regiments at Winchester
     A correspondent of the Philadelphia Press, after describing the battle at Winchester in a manner not materially differing from the accounts already published in the Gazette, says:

Gross injustice has been done the Ohio Regiments which were engaged in that desperate fight. I have seen scarcely any mention of them, and yet the 122d, 123d, and 116th Ohio were in the thickest of the fight, charged the enemy repeatedly, and came out in good order, but with great loss. Why, the whole regiments are not as large as any one of them before the fight.—Colonel Washburn, of the 118th Ohio, deserves all praise for the good order with which he brought off his regiment. While you might have seen some colonels and majors straggling hither and thither, the whole field and staff of the 116th Ohio came forth as they should. Thus it will be seen that they did take some part in the fight. The 116th had three companies completely destroyed, and the other three Ohio regiments took the most conspicuous places in the fight.
To the Editor of the Gallipolis Journal:
     We the undersigned Committee, in behalf of the Union League of the 91st Regt. O. V. I., a literary Association, formed with objects, similar to such Societies, connected with institutions of Learning, desirous of establishing a reading room and Library, consisting solely of newspapers, pamphlets, and magazines, do hereby solicit respectfully the contribution of your paper to our reading room and library. Also we would be happy to receive contributions from any of the friends of the 91st in your county.—All contributions should be forwarded to either of the undersigned Committee. You will oblige us by giving this an insertion in your paper.
     Respectfully yours, &c.,
     W. A. Reed, Orderly Serg't. Co. D., Sergt. Geo. Cherington, Co. A., A. B. Gilbert, Co. H, Fayetteville,
     Va., June 29th, 1863

The Gallipolis Journal
July 30, 1863
                                                                                         Top of Page

     On Wednesday last, rumors reached us that the prince of horse thieves, John Morgan, designed making his grand entry into Gallipolis during the week. Wednesday night, he reached Jackson, and after quietly surrounding the town, awoke the citizens to a knowledge of his arrival on time.—After resting in the bosom of his friends who compose a large proportion of the population of that "ancient capital," and collecting their contributions, about 12 M. on Thursday [handwritten note says Friday], John took a beeline for Gallipolis. At the same hour Gen. Judah, who has followed in John's wake for weeks past, started from Portland on the Hocking Valley railroad for the same point.
     A small village, Centreville, lies at the junction of the two roads, 16 miles distant from Gallipolis. Both parties endeavored to make this point first. Judah, having the shortest line, gained the point, and drew up his forces of 2300 cavalry and 13 pieces of artillery in battle array, waiting patiently for the arrival of the enemy. But John being only around in the stealing line, and no relish for a fight, turned off toward Vinton, where he encamped for the night. The next morning after burning the bridge at Vinton, he took up his line of march for Pomeroy, but failed to come to time [sic]. Gen. Judah leaving Centreville about the same time, reached Pomeroy at 6 P.M. of the same day. Morgan halted at Chester, six miles from Pomeroy, leaving the relative distance between the armies the same as the day previous, the day's travel by each army being about 35 miles. At the same time Gen. Hobson with 6000 cavalry and two batteries, arrived at Rutland, a small town about 6 miles from Chester. Gen. Scammon with the 13th Va., 23d and 91st Ohio, from the Kanawha, also got in Morgan's advance, whilst 3 gun boats lay out from shore ready to play their part in annihilating this band of Confederate thieves, who seem at least likely to reap the reward of their deeds.

The Gallipolis Journal
July 30, 1863

    Gallipolis for a week past, has assumed quite a military appearance.—With gunboats moving on the river in front, and fortifications bristling with cannon in the rear, lines of pickets extending for miles on all roads into the county, camps of armed men at every point, all business houses closed, and all classes of men under arms, our usually quiet town presents an appearance which would justify us in pronouncing decidedly brisk. Our citizens of both town and country, have turned out nobly in defence [sic] of their homes.—Although in the midst of harvest and the most busy season of the year, the farmers of old Gallia have, like true patriots, responded to the call of the Governor, and without a murmur worth heeding, left their homes and families to take their places in the ranks, and stand shoulder to shoulder in defence [sic] of our common country. With a horde of thieving vagabonds, composed of the very scum and lice of the Southern Confederacy hovering on our border, and actually passing through a portion of our county, it might be supposed their first duty would be to look after their families and property. But regardless of consequences to themselves personally, our county militia, leaving all such considerations behind, flocked to the place of rendezvous, and exchanging the quiet monotony of a farmer's life for the excitements as well as privations of that of the soldier, have for days past remained in or near our town under strict military discipline, without the least sign of discontent or insubordination. Not only so, but near Pomeroy, in the adjoining county of Meigs, on Saturday last, we found some companies of Gallia county militia actually skirmishing with a detachment of Morgan's guerillas, who were attempting to enter that town.—There were they meeting the foe in another county, from which the militia has been unwisely taken by order of the Governor, and placed to camp at Marietta.
     All honor to the militia of Gallia county. Had those of other places done half so well, John Morgan would never have inflicted the serious injury he has upon our State, to say nothing of the disgrace heaped upon us in thus suffering a band of robbers to pass at will throughout the Southern portion of it. Farmers of old Gallia, you, at least, have done your duty.

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                                   Top of Page
July 30, 1863

     Last week we attempted to get out a half sheet, as the best we could do, all hands doing militia duty. On Monday John Morgan after being soundly thrashed at Buffington's Island, retraced his steps, and struck the Ohio river at Cheshire, twelve miles about this point. The news reached Gallipolis about as soon as John reached the river. Of course military operations again occupied the attention of every person and we were forced to dispense with the publication of even a half sheet. [. . .] The militia only being discharged on Saturday last, and our hands then returning to the office, we are obliged to use matter already in type, in order to get out this number on our usual day of publication. [. . .]

     The real estate of Julius Regnier, deceased, now in (the) hands of his heirs, was sold at public auction in Gallipolis on last Saturday for the sum of $11,130, being $880 more than the appraised price. When we consider that for two weeks past our town has been in imminent peril, from the forces under John Morgan, the above prices are truly remarkable. It proves that real estate in Gallipolis is tending upward, from natural causes, and not merely speculative. Less than two years since, this property would hardly have been sold for two-thirds of the appraised price. Yet at the close of what might be termed a siege, which our town has been undergoing for two weeks past, it sells for a considerable sum over.

     In order that the citizens of Gallia county, and especially those who served in the militia during the late raid, may have some correct information relative to property captured and turned over to Capt. Stealey, A.Q.M., at this point, Capt. Hunter has kindly favored us with an inspection of his papers pertaining thereto, from which we ascertain the following facts: Taken from rebel prisoners of Morgan's command—$91 in gold, $12.76 in silver, $317 in bank notes, and $53,605 in Confederate script [sic]; 170 yards calico, 100 yards gingham, 94 yards check, 62 yards delaine, &c., &c., besides a large lot of dry goods, shoes, &c., too numerous to mention; 137 horses, 4 mules, 55 saddles, 42 bridles.—Besides these Capt. Hunter turned over temporarily 109 horses, 7 mules, 300 saddles, 100 bridles, and 40 guns. We are informed by Capt. Stealey, that nearly, if not quite all the horses and mules captured, will be taken to Cincinnati. He can of course give us no definite items this week, owing to the immense pressure of business thrown upon him by this raid, but will do so next week if deemed sufficiently important.

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                                   Top of Page
August 20, 1863

I. O. O. F.
     The members of Ariel Lodge, I.O.O.F., propose having a supper at Moses Frank's Hall, on Court street, in Gallipolis, on Wednesday evening, August 26, 1863. All members of the Order, in good standing, are invited to attend. Members are requested to assemble promptly at 6 P.M. at Odd Fellows' Hall, Greenwood's building. Men of families will bring their wives, unmarried their "sweet-hearts." A good time generally is anticipated.
     Chas. Minturn, J. E. Richardson, F. L. Leclercq, H. Gregory, Jas. Harper, Committee

The Gallipolis Journal
August 20, 1863

     There will be a meeting held in Gallipolis at the colored Methodist church on Thursday evening, 20th, and also at New Hope church in Springfield township on Saturday next, for the purpose of raising volunteers for the 127th colored Regiment O.V.I. Sergeant Oliver Bramlett is direct from the regiment, near Delaware, Ohio, and speaks well of the health and condition of the recruits already in camp, which numbers 650 men. All who enlist will be furnished immediate transportation to the regiment.

     Lt. Jos. McCafferty of the 18th Ohio Battery, reached home on Monday evening on short furlough, looking remarkably well. He bears the name of a first rate officer.

     Capt. Taylor W. Hampton was elected Lieut.-Colonel of the 16th Battalion of Infantry in the Ohio Volunteer Militia, in the election held at the court house in Gallipolis on Friday last, notice of which appeared in the last Journal.

     Recruiting officers from the 91st Regiment O.V.I., are now in town for the purpose of raising about twenty men for companies A and B, of this popular regiment. These companies are composed almost exclusively of Gallia boys, and those wishing to enter the service will be pleased to hear of an opportunity of joining their friends. Sidney L. Guthrie, recruiting officer, may be found in Gallipolis, and those wishing to enroll, will call upon him.

     Gallia Militia. The following officers have been appointed by Adj. Gen. Hill, to take command of the several Regiments formed in this county, until the same are regularly organized:
         1st Regiment— Capt. E. E. Waddell; Adjutant, J. T. Halliday, Gallipolis P. O., Ohio
         2d Regiment—Capt. Wm. R. Atkinson; Adjutant, Richard L. Titus, Pine Grove P. O.
         3d Regiment—Capt. Edward Hunt; Adjutant George Koontz, Thurman P.O.

The Gallipolis Journal
September 24, 1863

     The Union School of Gallipolis, will open on the first day of October next, under charge of J. A. Smith, a graduate of Ohio University, and for the past two years a Captain in the famous 2d Virginia Cavalry. He comes among us well supported by those who know him. We bespeak for him a kindly welcome at the hands of our citizens.

     The "First National Bank of Gallipolis" has taken the initiatory steps, to secure a charter, and commence banking operations. At no point in the State has an institution of this kind been so badly required. Our business men have been obliged to undergo every kind of inconvenience for want of banking facilities, for which they were obliged to go into a neighboring State. Now, such accommodations can be had at home. The principal stockholders being amongst our most careful and substantial citizens, furnishes a sure guaranty that the business of the institution will be faithfully and judiciously conducted.

     Lieut.-Col. J. L. Vance, and Capt. Wm. Grayum of the 4th Regiment Virginia V. I. arrived here a few days since, looking hale and hearty.—The Colonel has placed us under obligation for copies of the Confederate States Navy Register and Press Association. The 4th Virginia has achieved for itself an honorable reputation, to which the officers connected to it from Gallipolis have in no small way contributed. Major Henry Grayum, of the 4th, with the officers above named, will return to their Regiment in about ten days, and endeavor to be there in time to vote for Brough, of whom and the entire Union ticket, they, with all other Ohio boys, are ardent supporters.

The Gallipolis Journal
October 1, 1863

National Cemetry at Gettysburg, Pa.
     The whole matter in regard to the National Cemetery at Gettysburg, for the interments of the gallant dead who fell in the terrible battles there, has been arranged. About fourteen acres of land, embracing the highest point on the Cemetery Hill, have been purchased by the State of Pennsylvania. Other States have been asked to cooperate in the removal of the soldier dead to these grounds. The arrangements for plotting the grounds, preparatory to the removal of the dead, are making [sic] as rapidly as possible.

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                                  Top of Page
October 8, 1863

     Capt. Jas. P. Drouillard, of Gen. Rosecrans' staff, arrived here on Tuesday last, from the army of the Cumberland. He was unwell for some time prior to the recent terrible battle, but declined leaving his post while he was able to stick to his horse, or his services were needed. He has again passsed unscathed through the ordeal of battle, a battle far more bloody and terrible than was ever fought before upon this continent. The Captain was in several of the hardest fought battles of the East, but says he never witnessed such brilliant fighting as was done by our Western boys at Chickamauga. He comes home for the purpose of recruiting his health.

Gallia Boys Wounded
     William Logue of the 19th Regiment U. S. Regulars, son of Alex. Logue, Esq., Probate Judge of this county, was wounded at the battle of Chickamauga. He was struck in the left thigh by a minie ball, which produced a severe wound. We learn that a private letter has been received from Nashville, stating that Lieut. L. D. Carter of Co. I, 18th Regiment, received a severe flesh wound in the left leg below the knee, and is now in the Hospital at Nashville, doing well. Lieut. Junius Gates, of Co. F, 33d Regiment, also from this county, was taken prisoner.

     We make room for a lengthy letter from our correspondent B., who is in the army of the Cumberland.—He gives a list of the killed and wounded of Companies B and I, 36th Regiment. These companies were raised in Gallia county. He endeavoured also to procure a list of casualties in the 18th and 33d Regiments, but failed up to the time of mailing his letter. We notice the names of the following Gallia boys in the list of slightly wounded, and sent to the Nashville hospital: Lewis F. Berthe, C. W. Hawly, and Daniel Woodland, 18th Ohio. A. W. Bowen, son of Columbus Bowen, of Millersport, Lawrence county, was also slightly wounded.—He is a member of company E, 6th Ohio, and has two brothers in the same company, who escaped injury.

The Gallipolis Journal
October 15, 1863

     Sergeant Grasson Cole, of Company L, 7th Ohio Cavalry, arrived here Monday evening, direct from Knoxville. He looks well and reports the boys in fine spirits. Capt. Campbell and command are with the regiment, and all in the enjoyment of good health. The following are the casualties among the Gallia boys since they started on the Knoxville expedition: Daniel Hannah and S. B. Maloon, killed in battle; Alfred Walters, accidentally shot by the falling of a musket; Martin Kenight, shot by accident. The first three were members of Capt. Leeper's Company, and the latter was a member of Company M., Capt. Campbell.

     The First National Bank of Gallipolis, has been organized on a capital of $100,000, with privilege of increasing it to $300,000. Thirty per cent of the minimum capital has been paid in, and all necessary measures taken to commence operations in a very short time.

The Gallipolis Journal
October 22, 1863

The Dead on the Gettysburg Battlefield
     The arrangements are nearly completed for the removal of the remains of the Union soldiers scattered over the Gettysburg battlefield to the burying ground, which is being prepared by the several States interested, for their reception and proper burial. All the dead will be disinterred, and their remains placed in coffins and buried, and the graves of those marked or known will be carefully and permanently re-marked in this Soldiers' Cemetery.
     If it is the intention of the friends of any deceased soldier to take his remains home for burial, they will confer a favor by immediately making known to me that intention. After the bodies are removed to this Cemetery, it will be very desirable not to disarrange the order of the graves by any removals. David Wills, Agent for A. G. Curtin, Governor of Pennsylvania. Gettysburg, October 5, 1863
     The papers throughout all the States will confer a public favor by publishing the above.

[The ceremony to dedicate this as a national cemetery was subsequently postponed to Nov. 19 because the featured speaker for the event, Edward Everett, wouldn't be able to complete writing his two hour speech in time. Lincoln's somewhat shorter remarks on this occasion would come to be the better remembered. Everett wrote to Lincoln afterward and said "I should be glad if I could flatter myself that I came as near to the central idea of the occasion, in two hours, as you did in two minutes." Eva S. Hughes]

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                                   Top of Page
October 22, 1863

Last Chance to Avoid the Draft
     By recent notice from the Governor, information is given that the time fixed for the draft is the 26th inst., hence we have but a few days left to furnish our quota by voluntary enlistment, and thereby escape the draft. The exact number due from our county is not yet known, but it cannot be too large.
Capt. Evans, of the 56th Regiment, and Sergeant Guthrie, of the 91st Regiment, are now in the county for the purpose of raising recruits for their Regiments, and it is very desirable that this county's quota shall be filled without a resort to the draft; it is necessary that the few days of grace left, shall be used promptly.
Veteran Volunteers will receive in premium and bounty $402. New recruits, in premium and bounty $302. Both kinds will receive in premium $2; advance pay, $13, and first installment of bounty, $60, total, before leaving the state, $75. Drafted men receive no bounty. For further information, refer to Provost, and Deputy Provost Marshals. Military Committee Gallia County

[The original Emancipation Proclamation had not freed the slaves in the border states. N. Elvick]   

The Gallipolis Journal
October 29, 1863

     A General Order will soon be promulgated, whereby negroes will be enlisted in Maryland, West Virginia, Kentucky and Missouri. Loyal owners will receive $300 for every slave, and slaves of secessionists will be confiscated.

     A German testament was picked up a few evenings since, and left with us, for the owner. From a card on the inside of the cover, it seems to have been a gift from the Maryland State Bible Society to "William Frederick Alberti, soldier in Company I, 34th Reg't Ohio Mounted Volunteers." A small sprinkle of "material aid" was discovered between the leaves. The owner is requested to call and prove property. No charges.

The Gallipolis Journal
November 12, 1863

    Wm. Logue, son of Judge Logue of this county, and member of the 19th United States Regulars, arrived home on Saturday morning. He was wounded in the left thigh at the battle of Chickamauga, and we are happy to state, that although the ball has not been extracted, the wound causes him but little uneasiness.

     Head-quarters, 18th Ohio Battery, Moccasin Point, opposite Lookout Mountain, Tenn., Oct. 23d
At retreat parade today, Capt. Aleshire announced the death of Andrew J. Fillinger, of Gallia county, O., who was mortally wounded on the 20th day of September, 1863, at the battle of Chickamauga, while nobly standing at his post, serving ammunition for his gun; whereupon the Company immediately assembled at the Quarters of Lt. Bierce, and appointed the following Committee to draft resolutions with a view of paying appropriate honors to the memory of a worthy soldier, and C. O. Curtis, John P. Amos and John Peters were appointed. The Committee reported the following resolutions, which were unanimously adopted:

Whereas, it has pleased Almighty God, in His wisdom, to remove from among us our friend and brother, Andrew J. Fillinger, a member of the 18th Ohio Battery;
Resolved, that in his death, the Company has lost a brave soldier, ever faithful and at his post. He was kind and affable to all around him;
Resolved, that the officers and members of the Battery, tender their unfeigned sympathy to the bereaved parents and relations of the heroic dead;
Resolved, that a copy of these proceedings be recorded in the records of the Battery, and published in the Gallipolis papers.
     John P. Amos, Chairman; C. O. Curtis, Secretary
                The river at Pittsburgh had fallen some fourteen inches up to Sunday evening, and there was scant four feet [of] water at the pier marks. The tug boat Arab was making preparations to leave for Cincinnati Sunday evening with a tow of ten barges of coal, containing some eighteen or twenty thousand bushels. Cincinnati has been short of fuel for several weeks, until the city Council took the matter in hand, and appointed a Committee to procure a supply by railroad, deeming river navigation rather uncertain this season of the year. The supply seems ample for the whole city, but the difficulty they now encounter is a want of carts to deliver the coal to the citizens. The price of coal in the city has ranged from 50 to 75 cents per bushel the past few weeks, while here in Gallipolis many grumbled to pay 18 cents.

     Wm. Logue, son of Judge Logue of this county, and member of the 19th United States Regulars, arrived home on Saturday morning. He was wounded in the left thigh at the battle of Chickamauga, and we are happy to state, that although the ball has not been extracted, the wound causes him but little uneasiness.

     The river at Pittsburgh had fallen some fourteen inches up to Sunday evening, and there was scant four feet [of] water at the pier marks. The tug boat Arab was making preparations to leave for Cincinnati Sunday evening with a tow of ten barges of coal, containing some eighteen or twenty thousand bushels. Cincinnati has been short of fuel for several weeks, until the city Council took the matter in hand, and appointed a Committee to procure a supply by railroad, deeming river navigation rather uncertain this season of the year. The supply seems ample for the whole city, but the difficulty they now encounter is a want of carts to deliver the coal to the citizens. The price of coal in the city has ranged from 50 to 75 cents per bushel the past few weeks, while here in Gallipolis many grumbled to pay 18 cents.

The Gallipolis Journal
November 19, 1863

    The "Diamond Mills" of Gallipolis, during last week, contracted to furnish 5000 barrels of flour, and 10,000 boxes of hard bread to the Government, for the army of the Potomac. The "Eureka Mills" also contracted for 5000 barrels of flour, to be delivered at the same place. Not a bad operation for a town the size of Gallipolis. It speaks well for the enterprise of our manufacturers—not only as to amount—but the quality of the articles furnished. Let us have a few more manufactories, of any kind whatever, and our town will spring up like magic. We have the location and everything else required, except the enterprising individuals to take hold and carry it through. The "Union Woollen Factory" is doing a thriving business, and crowded with orders for goods far beyond the abilities of the proprietors to fill. Large shipments of goods have lately been made by them to Missouri and Iowa.—Capitalists from abroad in search of locations, could not do better than pay our town a visit.

     Real estate in Gallipolis, notwithstanding the "croakers," seems to be daily increasing in value. The demand for houses is very great, and anything in that shape that is tenantable, is occupied at once at enormous rates. A notice to "quit," is equivalent to being turned into the street.—Consequently landlords can charge any price they choose and make it payable in advance. A failure to pay ousts the tenant, for one who is more prompt, plenty of whom are on hand to enter. Several persons have been obliged to leave town for want of houses. Now is the time to build, not only for rent, but for sale at high prices. Those who fear a decline in prices, are doomed to disappointment. We know of some sales made at an advance of 20 per cent, within ten days. We urge those citizens in the country who own saw mills, or timber contiguous to them, to get out all the lumber they possibly can, during this winter. It will command ready sale at high prices in the spring, with very little regard to the distance it must be transported. The scarcity of building material, prevents many from building now, more than the cost of it. Next season bids fair to far exceed the past in the improvement of property. Those who are waiting for a decline, will be much more likely to find a rise in the price of all real estate in this section.

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                                   Top of Page
November 26, 1863

     [ . . . ] As to enlistments in Ohio, of colored troops, all opposition died out on the 13th of last October. Not a word do you hear on the question, disputing their right to take up arms, or their courage to fight when the opportunity is given them. With a call for "35,000 more" pending over us, it would be folly to squabble about whether a loyal man, a Copperhead or a negro, shall count [as] one. If the negro is willing to go, in God's name let him go. By just so much is he a better citizen than the Copperhead, who will neither go himself nor suffer others to go. A regiment of colored soldiers could be raised in Gallia county alone, if proper exertions were made. At least enough could be had to fill up the numbers we are required to raise to avoid another draft. [ . . .]

     The Presbyterian Church in Gallipolis will be open for Divine service on next Sabbath at 10 1/2 A.M.—Service by Rev. R. D. Vandeursen. The interior of the building has been entirely changed, gallery taken down, pulpit placed in the south end, and seats very much lowered and reversed. It now presents a very neat and pleasing appearance, and is certainly one of the most convenient, and comfortable church buildings in our town. Service every Sabbath at 10 1/2 A.M., and after 1st December next, in the evening.—Seats free. The public are cordially invited to attend.

The Gallipolis Journal
December 3, 1863

     The hull of Capt. James Mossman's new steamboat. "Luella," was launched on Thanksgiving day in the presence of a large concourse of people. The launch was entirely successful, and reflects great credit on the persons in charge. The boat was built on the second bank, and consequently at considerablel elevation above the water, requiring an unusual length and ways.—But so skillfully was the whole affair managed, that she moved as gracefully as though gliding through the water.
     The "Luella" was built by Mr. George F. Mitchell, of Gallipolis. From frequent examination during the progress of the work, we do not hesitate to pronounce her one of the strongest hulls afloat. Mr. Mitchell's well known reputation for skill as a boat builder, is fully sustained by the Luella. By the way, why may not boat building be an object of special attention to the citizens of Gallipolis? Our town has a large capital invested in steamboat stock. Why not have some invested in a boat yard? Surely we have the mechanics among us willing and able to work, and as for material, it is abundant. By all means let us have a boat yard.

The Gallipolis Journal
December 10, 1863

     We are requested to copy the following letter for the benefit of the friends of those named therein. Letters or packages for the prisoners, will probably reach them sooner by being directed: care of James C. Wetmore, Ohio State Military Agent, Washington, D. C.

Richmond, Va., Nov. 16, 1863

Dear Ma:
     I thought I would drop you a few lines this morning, to let you know where we are. We were taken prisoners at Rogerville, Tenn., on the 6th of this month, by A. Gallatin Jenkins' Cavalry. I will give you the names of our Company taken prisoners: Matt Reub, H. Dan. Coffman, Geo. Hank, Lewis Holcomb, Ad. Sibley, Henry Northup, Will. Morrison, Compston, and myself. We are all in good health at this time.—Camped on Bell Island, near the city. Please send word to the friends of those names mentioned. Please write soon. Address J. A. Morrison, prisoner of war, 7th Ohio Cavalry, Richmond prison.
     J. A. Morrison

Mrs. M. Hutsinpillar
Dear Mother:
     I can do nothing more than let you know where I am, and that I am well. I have no envelops [sic], so I will write a line in Morrison's letter. I hope to be exchanged soon. Write to me per direction given above in John's note. Give my love to all.
     Good bye.
     R. L. Hutsinpillar, Richmond prison

     The following are the casualties in companies B and I, of the 36th O.V.I., which are from Gallia county:

Company B: Emmons Ross and Abram V. Coy, killed; 1st Lieut. O. J. Wood, wounded severely; Corporal H. C. Wyatt, wounded severely; Sergt. R. C. Wyatt and Corpl. J. J. Peden, wounded slightly; Thompson McNabb, John Brooks, Albert Brooks, wounded slightly;

Company I: H. A. Rice and William Ross, wounded mortally; Corpl. E. M. Smith, J. Hill, John Jeffers, Wm. Painter, wounded slightly; Corp. Parker and H. Jeffers, missing.

The Gallipolis Journal
December 10, 1863
                                                                               Top of Page

     Our citizens were aroused at half past eleven o'oclock on Tuesday week by the cry of fire. A wash house on the premises of Mr. Hayward, on Third street, was discovered in flames. Several hundred persons collected in a few minutes, and by their exertions, prevented the extension to other buildings. A view of the premises will satisfy any one that our town narrowly escaped a serious conflagration. Surrounded on all sides by frame buildings and other combustible materials, escape would have been inevitable had the night proven stormy, or the fire broken out at a later hour. Gallipolis has thus far escaped the ravages of fire. How much longer, who can tell? Our facilities for extinguishing fires are very imperfect. We commend the matter to our "city fathers," as a subject demanding their serious and immediate attention.

     An accident occurred at the Diamond Mill's Bakery last Friday night by which our young friend Edward Wood, was very seriously injured. He was engaged in rolling at the small break, and in attempting to force a quantity of dough through the rolls, found both his hands fast between the rolls which were running at a frightful speed. The machinery was stopped and he was extricated from his perilous condition, with both hands very much bruised and mangled. Medical aid was at once procured and under the skillful treatment he has received, it is confidently hoped that one if not both of his hands will be ultimately saved. This is the third accident of the kind at the Bakery, but no blame can attach to any one connected with the establishment. They seem unavoidable unless extreme caution is constantly used.

     Weekly Report of U. S. General Hospital, Gallipolis, O.
     Week ending Saturday, Dec. 5, 1863; Remaining at last report, 102; Admitted since last report:

George W. Chappell, Sergeant Co. H, 2nd Batt. I.C.
Phillip Emery, Private Co. G, 91st Reg. O.V.I.
Louis Fenster, Private Co. G, 91st Reg. O.V.I.
Edward Mansfield, Private Co. H, 2nd Batt. I.C.
Thomas Martin, Private Co. C, 5th Reg't O.V.I.
Hiram Saunders, Private Co. G, 9th V.V.I.
Levi Shepard, Private Co. K, 91st Reg't O.V.I.
J. S. Wilson, Private, Ohio State Guards

Discharged since last report:
Charles H. Fox, Private Co.H, 2nd Batt. I. C.
Alexander Matthews, Private Co. D, 75th Reg't O.V.I.
Sam'l F. Pence, Sergeant Co. M, 11th Reg't Pa. V. C.
John Magroon, Corporal Co. K, 91st Reg't O.V.I.
James McDaniel, Private Co. G, 11th Reg't O.V.I.
John W. Taylor, Private Co. I, 91st Reg't O.V.I.

Furloughed since last report:
F. M. Clemmings, Private Co. C, 73d Reg't O.V.I.
Adam Bates, Private Co. G, 73d Reg't O.V.I.
Sam'l Ward, Corporal, Co. B, 73d Reg't O. V. I.
Abraham Hack, Private Co. B, 75th Reg't O.V.I.
James A. Patterson, Private, McMullen's Battery
A. B. Danbury, Private, McMullen's Battery

Number remaining in Hospital 98.

The Gallipolis Journal
December 17, 1863

     An old gentleman by name of Elias Campbell from Clay Township, paid us a visit on Tuesday last, having traveled on foot that day eleven miles. He is quite hale and hearty and bids fair to live some years longer. He is a native of Virginia, born in Culpeper county in 1764, and consequently in his 100th year.

     J. L. Armstrong, a citizen of Gallia county, was tried at the United States Court at Cincinnati, a few days since, on a charge of harboring a deserter, who was his own son. The jury returned a verdict of guilty.—Armstrong was sentenced to pay a fine of $100, and undergo an imprisonment in the Penitentiary for the period of six months. Harboring deserters has become rather a dangerous operation. The present large reward offered for deserters, is having the effect to smoke out many, who for months past have evaded capture. Mr. Armstrong's case may serve to show that the Federal Government is becoming terribly in earnest on all points tending to crush out this rebellion.

Gallipolis, Dec. 14th, 1863

Mr. Stewart:
     Permit us through your columns, to return our warmest thanks to the citizens of Gallipolis for their liberal contributions to our Union Supper of last week; and still more particularly do we desire to acknowledge the generous donations of kind friends at a distance, to whom we are much indebted for the success of our undertaking, because of their liberality. The following persons will not soon be forgotten for their true and loyal assistance: Carel's Orchestra for their unequaled music; Mrs. Capt. Crooks, Mrs. Benj. Mills, Mrs. P. Cherington, Mrs. J. Smithers, Mrs. A. Logue; Officers Ohio No. 3; Mr. J. Middleswarth, Mr. W. Walker, Mr. Henry Shepard, Mr. Aug. Guthrie. To Dr. Bell of the Hospital we are under many obligations, both for personal assistance and for permitting quite a number of soldiers from those under his command, to render us very valuable aid. We can only say that if at any time the services of this Society can be of use at the Hospital, or in any cause of suffering or need, we shall be happy to respond to the call.
     Aid Society

Weekly Report of U. S. General Hospital, Gallipolis, O., Week ending Saturday, Dec. 12, 1863

Remaining at last report 97.

Admitted since last report:
Thomas A. Barton, Private, Co. E 4th Va. V. I.
Jesse Bennet, Private, Co. 66 2d Batt. I.C.
George C. Fullen, Co. C 5th Va. V. I. (rank not given)
Robert Johnson, Private, Co. C 5th Va. V.I.
Ezra Wise, Private, Co. A 5th Va. V.I.

Returned to duty since last report:
Christian Limbaugh, Private, Simmond's Battery
J. C. McVicker, Private, Co. I 12th O.V.I.

Discharged since last report:
Wyatt Dowdy, Private, Co. A 91st O. V. I.

Remaining in Hospital 100.

The Gallipolis Journal
December 24, 1863
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War Meetings
     The undersigned have appointed the following places at which meetings will be held for the purpose of obtaining recruits.—Desiring to waken a spirit of emulation among the people in this respect, and also to impress them with a proper sense of the absolute necessity of the requirements of our Government for more men, they will address meetings at the following places and times:
Cheshire, Monday, Dec. 28th, at 1 o'clock P.M.
Porter, Tuesday, Dec. 29th, at 1 o'clock P.M.
Bladensburg, Saturday, Jan. 2d, 1 o'clock P. M.
Centerville, Monday, Jan. 4th, 1 o'clock P. M.
     Norman P. White, Capt. 4th Ohio Cavalry; Charles C. Aleshire, Capt. 18th Ohio Battery; George W. Hicks, Lieut. 23d Ohio Infantry

The Gallipolis Journal
December 31, 1863

     The magnificent Chandeliers in the Presbyterian Church at Gallipolis, were furnished by Cornelius & Baker of Philadelphia. The order was given by the Ladies Social Circle, of that church, and $50 remitted—the style and quality left to Cornelius & Baker. They at once forwarded a pair worth $70, thereby donating the sum of $20. For this evidence of liberality and christian spirit, they have the thanks of the congregation and Pastor, with the hope that it may not go unrewarded. We think our merchants who deal in Lamps, would find it to their interest to order directly from Cornelius & Baker, who are at the head of the market in that line, and the largest manufacturers in the Union.

     The soldiers in the General Hospital at this place, had a splendid dinner furnished them on Christmas day. A great number of gentlemen and ladies of Gallipolis, dined with them.—We noticed a Christmas tree that for skill in its construction, exceeded anything in that line that ever came under our notice. The Hospital, under the management of Dr. Bell, is in most admirable condition. From a personal inspection of the wards, we are constrained to say that nothing seems left undone that in any way can conduce to the health, comfort, or happiness of the inmates.

Weekly Report of U. S. General Hospital, Gallipolis, O., Week ending, Saturday, December 26, 1863

Remaining at last report 116.

Admitted since last report:
Wm. Bishop, Private, Co. A, 91st O.V.I.
Adam Bates, Private, Co. F, 73d O.V.I.
F. M. Clemings, Private, Co. C, 73d O.V.I.
Miles Gibson, Private, Ohio State Guards
D. C. Garrison, Serg't, Co. G, 34th O.V.I.
John R. Roberts, Private, Co. A, 9th V.I.

Returned to duty since last report:
John W. Leaper, Private, Co. B, 91st O.V.I.
Jas. Van Horn, Private, Co. 66, 2d Batt., I.C.
Miles Gibson, Private, Ohio State Guards

Remaining in Hospital, 119.

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