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         Gallia County News During the  War

as recorded in articles in the Gallipolis Journal from 1861 - 1865. These articles were researched and transcribed, unless otherwise indicated, by Eva Swain Hughes. The Articles are divided into five pages with a separate page for each year. Click on the year you wish to see.

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                     1861                  1862                  1863                  1864                    1865

The Gallipolis Journal
January 14, 1864

Weekly Report of U. S. Gen. Hospital, Gallipolis, O.; week ending Jan. 9th, 1864

Remaining at last report 79; admitted since last report, 10.

Vincent Bradbury, Private, Co. 66, 2d Batt. I.C,
A. J. Brown, Capt., Co. 66, 2d Batt. I.C.
Harvey F. Conklin, Private, Co. G, 11th O. V. I.
Alex. Grossman, Private, Co. H, 2d Regt. Va. V. C.
W. H. Greathouse, Private, Co. H, 13th Va. V.I.
A. Noyes, Ord. Sergt., Co. G, 9th Va. V. I.
Robert Sharp, Private, Co. 66, 2d Batt. I. C.
Henry Whiteman, Private, Co. 66, 2d Batt. I.C.
Ezekial Wilson, Private, Co. B, 13th Va. V.I.

Remaining in Hospital, 89
     The sympathies of the humane are solicited in favor of the boy Ikes, who was injured a few days since at Diamond Mills Bakery. He is German by birth, parents dead, and no relatives in this country save a younger brother. He can be seen at the house of John Bashaw on vine street, between 2d and 3d in Gallipolis.

     Killed, at the battle of Mission Ridge, on the 23d of November last, Emmons C. Rose, a member of Co. B, 36th Reg. O.V.I., in the 23d year of his age; son of Mr. Wm. D. Rose, of Raccoon township, Gallia co., O.

     We are gratified to learn that our townsman, A. O. Shepard, Esqr., has obtained the office of assis't Sergeant of Arms, in the Ohio Senate. Mr. Shepard is well qualified for the position, and will no doubt make a very efficient officer. [ . . .]

The Gallipolis Journal
February 4, 1864

     We were present, with quite a number of persons, on Saturday last, at the launch of the new Gallipolis and Pomeroy Packet, Lizzie C. Hamilton. She took to the water as if she knew it to be henceforth, her element; nothing occurring save the parting of a hog-chain, a matter of small importance. She is owned by our enterprising friend and townsman, Jonathon [sic] Hamilton, who is building her expressly for the Gallipolis and Pomeroy trade. Her machinery is here, ready to go aboard; and everything is being pushed forward as rapidly as possible. He intends to have her running on the first day of March. She bids fair to be a staunch craft, with good power; just the thing for her trade. We wish her success. This is the second boat Gallipolis has turned out this season, which speaks well for our Shipbuilders.

Weekly Report of U. S. General Hospital, Gallipolis, O.

Week ending, Sat., Jan 23d 1864; Remaining at last report 94; Admitted since last report, 8:

E. Aldridge, Private, Co. B, 23d O.V.I.
David W. Cherington, Bugler, Co. H, 2d Va.
C. R. Lowery, Co. 66, 2d Batt. I. C. (rank not given)
G. McGee, Private, Co. C, 91st O.V.I.
Wm. Mitchell, Private, Co. B, 2d Va, V.C.
L. S. Mase, Sergt. Co. A, 2d V.V.C.
Martin Sower, Private, Co. G, 1st O.H.A.
J. Spaulding, Private, Co. F, 5th Va. V.I.

Returned to duty since last report:
R. Johnson P Co. C, 5th V.V.I. (P may mean private)
Ezekiel Wilson, Private, Co. B, 13th Va. I
William Gill, Private, Co. 66, 2d Batt. I. C.
Albert Martin, Private Co. C, 5th Va. V.I.
A. Noyes, Sergt. Co. G, 9th Va. V.I.

Discharged since last report, 18:
J. S. Wilson, Private, Ohio State Guards
George W. Edwards, Crpl., Co. C, 4th Va.V.I.
Richard Fowler, Crpl., Co. C, 11th Va. V.I.
J. N. Wiley, Private, Co. F, 5th Va. V.I.
Wm. F. Walters, Private, Co. F, 92nd O.V.I.
Christopher Cooper, Private, Co. B, 116th O.V.I.
Casper Schild, Private, Co. I, 107th O.V.I.
Francis M. Clemings, Private, Co. C, 73d O.V.I.
Patrick H. Reynolds, Private, Co. I, 91st O.V.I.
Archibald A. Stanley, Private, Co.H, 73d O.V.I.
R. H. McClure, McMullen's Battery
Isreal Justice, Private, Co. C, 4th Va. V.I.
David Burr, Co. B, 90th O.V.I. (rank not given)
Adam Bates, Private, Co. G, 73d O.V.I.
Michael St. Ong, Private, Co. B, 7rd O.V.I. [73rd?]
John B. Roberts, Co. A, 9th Va. V.I.
Hiram Wilcox, Corpl. Co. B, 91st O.V.I.
George W. Minks, Private, 8th Ohio Sharpshooters

Died since last report, John Blessing, Private, Co. F, 34th O.V.I.
Remaining in Hospital 78.

Weekly Report of U. S. General Hospital, Gallipolis, O.

Report for the week ending Saturday January 30th, '64
Remaining at last report 78; Admitted since last report 16.

G. W. Allen, P. Co. B, 23d O.V.I.
Lewis D. Allen, P. Co. I, 2d Va.V.C.
Francis Cumpston, Musician, Co. C, 9th Va. V.I.
Robert Campbell, P. Co. 66, 2d Batt. I.C.
Morris Griffeth, P. Co. 66, 2d Batt. I.C.
Silas Hager, Corpl. Co. G, 8th Va. V.I.
John Haynes, P. Co. E, 9th Va. V. I.
Wm. R. Hickman, P. Co. D, 11th Va. V.I.
Charles Reyton, P. Co. C, 9th Va. V. I.
John H. Payne, P. Co. H, 9th Va. V. I.
Dudley Rogers, P. Co. B, 23d O. V.I.
A. Rogers, P. Co. E, 9th Va. V. II
Joseph Rollins, P. Co. E, 2d Va. V. C.
James F. Smith, P. Co. B, 91st O. V. I.
James E. Tyler, P. Co. G, 11th Va. V. I.
Jeremiah Webb, P. Co. A, 13th Va. V. I.

Returned to duty since last report, 14.

Adam Forney, P. Co. K, 23d O. V. I.
Erastus Aldridge, P. Co. B, 23d O. V. I.
W. A. Hassniger [sic], P. Co., Sergt. Co. A, 55th O. V. I.
Patrick Laughlin, Wagoner Co. F, 55th O. V. I.
J. Zubee, Corp. Co. I, 55th O. V. I.
Asa Goodrich, Corp. Co. 66, 2d Batt. I. C.
W. Falkner, P. Co. 66, 2d Batt. I. C.
David W. Cherington, Bugler, Co. H, 2d Va. V. C.
W. Mitchell, P. Co. B, 2d Va. V. C.
J. A. Flora, P. Co. M, 7th O. V. C.
William Greathner, P. Co.H, 13th Va. V. I.
L. S. Nease, Sergt. Co. A, 2d Va. V. C.
John Atkinson, P. Co. 66, 2d Batt. I. C.
Leroy Shepard, P. Co. K, 91st O. V. I.

Deserted since last report, 2

Martin W. Sowers, P. Co. G, 1st O. H. A.
J. T. Mann, P. Co. H, 121st O. V. I.

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                              Top of Page
February 11, 1864

     We have obtained from Captain Regnier of the steamboat B. C. Levi, the following particulars relative to the capture of the boat. His statement may be relied upon as correct. On Tuesday 2d inst at 6 o'clock P.M. the boat left Pt. Pleasant for Charleston, much against the will of the Captain and crew, but under orders from General E. P. Scammon, then on board who was anxious to return to his post. The night being very dark and stormy, it was found impossible to run the "chutes" in Kanawha, and the boat was accordingly tied up at Red House Shoals about 12 M. and there remained until 6 A.M. of Wednesday. At that hour, the pilot being at the wheel, engineer at his post, and the mate in the act of drawing in the line, about ten men under Lieut. Verdigan of Major Nowning's gang of guerrillas [sic] suddenly appeared on the bank, and sprang on board well armed and demanded possession.
     All on board save the above named officers were asleep, which rendered her capture no difficult task. She was taken at once, with Gen. E. P. Scammon, Capt. Pinckard, A.Q.M. and some members of Gen. Scammon's staff, and a few unarmed soldiers returning on furlough. The boat was run over to Winfield, on the opposite side, and after robbing the mails on board, was run down to Hurricane creek, some distance below, when all on board were ordered ashore with their baggage and the boat set on fire.
The soldiers who were willing to accept a parole were then released. General Scammon, Capt. Pinckard, two Lieutenants and one sergeant were started for Richmond, and the whole gang under Nowning decamped in hot haste. The sergeant above alluded to whose name is given as Thomas McCormick of the 9th Virginia Infantry, refused to accept his parole, giving the thieves to understand they could take him to Richmond, shoot him, or do as they pleased, but he would take no parole from a d—d rebel.—The brave fellow was obliged to march off on foot, leaving behind him many who cared less for their honor than their personal safety.—It is to be hope such true courage will not fail of being duly rewarded should he live to return to his regiment.
     The boat after being set on fire, drifted to the opposite side of the Kanawha. Being loaded with green timber, which burned slowly and the officers and crew managing to cross in old skiffs they succeeded in putting out the fire, so as to save the hull and machinery, which now lies at our wharf. The private property of those on board was not taken from them, and on the whole the treatment given our men was much better than expected. General Scammon offered to head a force of ten men if so many would volunteer to recapture the boat, but being unarmed and the rebels fully armed his offer was not acceded to. He acted under the circumstances, as a brave officer only could do, nor can any blame be attached to any one on board, unless not placing a picket on shore when obliged to tie up.
Capt. Pinckard's loss will be very seriously felt in the department. His business as Quarter Master, was extensive and conducted with great efficiency. Up to the hour of going to press we have no tidings of any of the prisoners.

Weekly Report, of U. S. General Hospital, Gallipolis, O.

For week ending Feb. 6th, 1864; remaiining at last report 78; admitted since, 9.

Wm. Bacmeister, Pr. McMullins's Battery;
J. W. Casa, Pr. Co. I, 13th Va.V.I.;
Jas. Gills, srgt. Co. B, 91st O.V.I.;
H. Patterson, Pr. Co. C, 13th Va.;
David Stevenson, Pr. Co. F, 13th Va.;
H. Thacker, Pr. Co. F, 13th Va.;
B.D.K. Wince, Pr. Co. A, 13th Va.;
David Young, Pr. Co. I, 13th Va.,

—returned to duty since last report, 12;

Thos. R. King, Pr. Co. 66, 2d Batt. I.C.;
E. Neal, Co. C, 5th Va.V.I.;
Isaac Patterson, Pr. Co. B, 75th O.V.I.;
J. E. Akins, corpl. Co. A, 10th O.V.I.;
I. M. Clithew, Pr., Co. D, 116th O.V.I.;
John Rawlins, Pr. Co. G, 116th O.V.I.;
Samuel Hartlin, Pr. Co. E, 116th O. V.I.;
W. R. Hickman, Pr. Co. D, 9th Va. V.I.;
I. F. Compston, Mus. Co. C, 9th Va. V. I.;
H. Whiteman, Pr. Co. 66, 2d Batt. I.C.;
J. A. Kelly, Pr. Co. 66, 2d Batt. I.C.;
V. Bradbury, Pr. Co. 66, 2d Batt. I.C.;


Jas. Moore, Pr. Co. H, 118th O.V.I.;

remaining in Hospital 74.

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                              Top of Page
February 18, 1864

     Many of our citizens still remember John Adam Morehart, who volunteered in the 8th Va., and was killed at Rocky Gap, in July, 1863.—In making application for arrears of pay due him, it was found necessary to send the papers to Europe for his father's signature. In order to prove his identity as the father of Adam Morehart, he forwarded us a letter written him by his son, from Coalsmouth, West Virginia, in Nov. 1862. The letter was written in German, but we have had the following translation made of part of it, which we lay before our readers as a model of patriotism and virtue.—How sublime is the heroic devotion to the cause of his adopted country, which these lines prove to have existed in the mind of this excellent young man. Written without the expectation of it(s) ever being seen by anyone in this place, renders it still more worthy of note. How remarkable the contrast between the course of this poor German boy, not only in speaking of his adopted country, but in laying down his life in her defence [sic], and the course of many in our midst, who "native and to the manor born" yet disgrace themselves and their posterity, by a base subserviency to the slave power against which they never contend themselves nor suffer others to do so, although well aware of its having been the cause of this war, and of its continuance. Loyal young men of Gallipolis, read the following, and say if you can that the brave heart and hand which gave it existence was not worthy of a better fate, say if treason has had a more glorious sacrifice offered to it than the life of this pious, patriotic noble youth.

Coalsmouth, Nov. 23d, 1862

My Dear Parents and Friends,
     Trusting and hoping that this letter may reach you in health and prosperity, I have to ask for your indulgence in leaving you so long without any news of me. It is with regret that I notice from the tenor of your letter that you feel great anxiety on my account. Let me beg of you not to distress yourselves. The same God who has shielded and protected me before this war broke out, still holds his protecting hand over me. It appears that you entertain the opinion that because I have enlisted in the army as a volunteer, I must have forfeited the grace of God. My opinion is quite the reverse.
     Having made America my home, and wishing to enjoy the protection of its government and its laws, it is my bounden duty that I should defend that Government whose protection I claim; and I believe it to be the wish of the Lord, that whosoever has it in his power so to do, should stand up and fight for the rights of his government and to crush slavery which yet exists and which is the origin of this war. You say that he that draws the sword by the sword shall he perish? Now my friends we have an army of over 1,200,000 volunteer soldiers in the field, who have rallied around their standard to defend their rights. Is it the will of the Lord think you, that all of these shall perish because they have drawn the sword in defence [sic] of their country, the most glorious country God has created?

No my friends the time has not yet arrived when this great country shall fall to pieces, or its Government shall be destroyed.—I know what you will say. You will say I am a real Republican and the name of Republican being a stigma with you it fills you with horror. Were you here in America you would with admiration behold the fruits of a Republic and its freedom; yes, then you would change your opinion.
     Is not America the wealthiest country in the world? and is there not more real genuine and true religion in America than there is in Europe? Is not there more light in America than there is in Europe? I say America possesses more wealth because of its free institutions and liberal Government and is not burthened and crushed down by taxes and imports, as is the case with your tyrranical Kingdoms and Principalities in Germany where every poor man is a slave.
     I further contend that there exists in America more genuine and pure religion than in Germany and even in all of Europe together. Of this I am honestly and conscientiously convinced. In Germany the Americans are looked upon as a reckless abandoned people. If my people at home were half as good as these are, things would look quite different in Germany. That there is more light, more genuine and sound judgment and understanding here is proven by all the surroundings. Look at the hundreds of steamers crowding every river, look at the ramification of railroads through the width and breadth of the whole country, look at the numberless manufacturies giving work to millions, where the poor man will always be able to make a living. Why is all this to be found in America, far more than in Europe?
     I answer because we have a free Government and its people are not crushed with unbearable taxes.—And is not such a Government worthy to defend and uphold, and shall not every man in it exert himself to the utmost to maintain and to give the death blow to slavery which still exists in the South and is a contradiction and a curse to our free institutions?
     [No signature]

Weekly report of U.S. Gen. Hospital, Gallipolis, O.

For week ending Feb. 13th, 1864
Remaining at last report, 74; admitted since, 4;

Wm. B. P. Turner, Pr. Co. G, 92nd O.V.I.;
John Atkinson, Pr. Co. 66, 2nd Batt. I.C.;
G. W. Flowers, Pr. Co. I, 9th Va. V;
Wm. Roberts, sergt. Co. C, 56th O.V.I.;

Returned to duty since last report, 2:

Jos. Rollins, Pr. Co. E, 2nd Va. Cav.;
G. Fenster, Pr. Co. G, 91st O.V.I.;

Remaining in Hospital, 76.

Business Change
     Mr. Norman Jordan who has so long been engaged in the grocery business on Second street, to the entire satisfaction of his numerous customers, sold out his stock yesterday to Mr. Henry A. Regnier, late of Gallipolis, Ohio. We are assured by those acquainted with Mr. Regnier that the patrons of this old established house will lose nothing by the change. We are glad to hear that Mr. Jordan does not leave Davenport, for the present at least. Dav. Gazette
     It will be seen, by the above, that our fellow-townsman has settled in Davenport. The citizens of that town will have no cause to regret his coming amongst them. Born and raised in Gallipolis, he has always conducted himself with strict propriety and gentlemanly deportment.—We wish him abundant success.

     Some of the Copperheads of Ohio and Guyan townships, received a lesson from Col. Montgomery's boys on their way home last week, which they will not likely forget soon. One of them, formerly a delegate from Lawrence county to the Columbus Penitentiary chose to let out some of his venom against the Union, and indulge in violent abuse of Union soldiers. The consequence was, James Franklin and F. C. Thevener, two of Co. F., 33d O.V., "went for him" when in order to save his worthless carcass, he "dried up" with remarkable alacrity. This is but a foretaste of what these vipers will receive when our Union boys get home from war. There is a "good time coming" but we fear not for them.

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                              Top of Page
February 25, 1864

     R. L. Stewart, Esq. At an adjourned meeting of the Committee of Arrangement, both male and female, it was unanimously agreed to send to you for publication in the Journal, the meetings and proceedings of a Festival and Oyster Supper at Guthrie's Hall, Cheshire, O., Friday evening, February 12th, for the benefit of the veteran soldiers od the 53d Reg't O.V.I. and others who were present.
     The soldiers were marched in military order by Sergt. B. Boice, and formally introduced to the audience by C. L. Guthrie Esq. They were welcomed by a neat and appropriate address by the Rev. O. E. Baker, who recounted over some of the hardships which the boys of the brave old 53d endured at Shiloh, Corinth, Vicksburgh [sic], Mission Ridge, &c. This Regiment went out about 960 strong, and when mustered out for re-enlistment had less than half their original number. At the close of the remarks by O. E. Baker a "Greeting to Our Soldiers" by Mrs. C. L. Guthrie, was read by T. W. Hampton Esq. Lieut. Stevens, A.Q.M. of the gallant old 4th Va., responded in a few patriotic remarks in behalf of the soldiers present.—Supper was next in order, and under the guidance of our worthy Marshal, Dr. A. Titus, the soldiers and company were regaled with oysters, chickens, cakes and pies in a manner which none know better how to prepare than the Ladies of Cheshire & Vicinity. The company numbered about three hundred, and after all had feasted, there was still an abundance left, which ere this has gladdened some of the "Brave Boys" in Hospital at Pt. Pleasant. M. R. Walker, Cheshire, O., Feb. 14th

     Gallipolis township will in all probability be saved from the coming draft. Her quota was large but the good success recruiting officers have heretofore met with, indicates that by the 6th of March, the number required, which we are informed is 116 will be raised. Great credit is due to Mr. James Meikle for his efforts in obtaining funds for the bounty fund. Unaided he has secured about $4000, by voluntary subscription. The local bounty for the township is fixed at forty dollars.

[This next item appears to refer to a Washington's Birthday celebration. N. Elvick]

     The "22d" was celebrated in Gallipolis, by a grand display of the military force now at this post. The Invalid Corps made a fine appearance. Their novel uniform(s) and equipments attracted considerable attention. The Trumbull Guards and detachments of the 13th Va., as also the Hospital corps, made a fair show. The commissioned officers of the post on horseback contributed greatly to the general character of the parade. Our sidewalks were crowded with citizens as spectators. After the parade was dismissed, some of the boys enlisted under Captain Whiskey, and for a short time performed the evolutions usually witnessed in men "tightually slight." A few rows took place, but with little or no bloodshed, so far as heard from.

The Gallipolis Journal
March 17, 1864

     Dr. W. W. Mills, who for two years past has acted as Surgeon of the 18th V.I. and seen service, has been forced to resign as a consequence of ill health. Few men from Gallia county has [sic] acquitted themselves more honorably in the service than Dr. Mills. By reference to our advertising columns it will be seen that he has resumed the practice of his profession. Dr. Mills deserves the support and patronage of every loyal man for his active participation in the contest now waging between freemen and traitors.

The Gallipolis Journal
April 7, 1864

     The Ohio No. 3 maintains her position as a first class packet notwithstanding the number of boats in the trade. It was at one time supposed, the new arrangements made with the Balt. and Ohio Rail-road for transporting their freight in barges would very materially lessen the amount of business done by our local packets. Yet they all have enough to do. It proves that the local trade between Marietta and Cincinnati is of vast magnitude and increasing rapidly.—The closing of the war and opening up of trade on the south side of the river will increase it still more. The Ohio No. 3 has the officers on board who will lose no opportunity to merit the large share of patronage they have hitherto received. As usual she passes Gallipolis "on time" upward on Saturday down on Tuesday.

[The article below describes the prisoner exchange system. The flag-of-truce boat "New York" picked up exchanged prisoners and mail that had been delivered from the South to Fort Monroe, which is on a peninsula jutting out from Hampton, Virginia, but which had remained in Union hands throughout the war. From there the mail and freed prisoners were delivered via the truce boat to Annapolis, Maryland to the federal facility set up to receive exchanged and paroled prisoners. N. Elvick]

Ohio State Military Agency, Washington, D. C., March 27, 1864

His Excellency, Governor Brough, Columbus, Ohio Sir:
     I had the honor on the 25th inst. of advising you of my intention of visiting Annapolis for the purpose of seeing the condition of such Ohio troops as might have arrived on the flag-of-truce boat "New York" then just in, and furnish such relief as in my power to afford. I went over to Annapolis at the time appointed, and on my arrival lost no time in communicating with as many of them as practicable. Of the 900 and odd Flag of Truce Boat "New York"parolled [sic] men who came up, it was found necessary to send about four hundred to the hospitals. They were all in a much worse condition than any who had previously arrived. Dr. Vandergrift, the surgeon in charge of the navy yard Hospital, said that he did not think that he had ever had such a miserable, sick and unfortunate lot of patients as these were. Some fourteen had died since their arrival. One of our men, Private J. M. Brown, Co. E, 35th O.V. I., breathed his last just the moment before my approaching his bed.      He died from debility arising from absolute starvation. He was from Oxford, Ohio.
Those that were in the hospitals presented a pitiable appearance, many of them—tall, muscular men—having the look of walking skeletans [sic]. Some of them were more or less covered with blisters caused by want of a healthy action of their systems. Those in the hospitals I found provided with every possible thing for their comfort. Those in the barracks were not so well cared for. To them I distributed small sums of money from funds your Excellency was so considerate as to put into my hands, to be used when such opportunities offered. I also furnished them with paper, envelops [sic], etc. I found the Government had provided them with new clothing, complete, immediately on their arrival.
     You may not be aware that on the arrival of one of these flag-of-truce boats, bringing Union soldiers from the prison of rebeldom, preparations are made for each of them, as are able, to bathe immediately upon their landing. For this purpose a bathhouse has been constructed, in which there are some sixty tubs, for those who prefer a "sitz" bath. Soap, towels, and every convenience, are at hand. The clothes they cast off are put into boxes, carted away and burnt, and in their stead new clothes are furnished them by the Government. Whey they come out they say "they hardly know themselves."
One hundred and twenty of our men, chiefly of the 100th O.V.I., left Annapolis yesterday, as I advised you by telegraph. They had arrived on the first and second boats some days previous. I had only time to place some money in the hands of the officer commanding, Lieut. Stevens, to purchase some items that would contribute to their cimfort [sic] while en route.
     J. C. Wetmore

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                              Top of Page
April 21, 1864

To Soldiers of Ohio Regiments–Their Families or Friends
     I have been duly appointed and commissioned by the Governor as "Military Claim Agent" for the State of Ohio. All soldiers or the families and relatives of deceased soldiers who belonged to Ohio Regiments, and who may have any business arising out of their connection with the army, which requires the intervention of such agent, can have the same properly attended to by calling on me at my office in Gallipolis, Ohio. those residing in the counties of Jackson, Sciota [sic], Pike, Lawrence, Meigs, Vinton, Athens, or points beyond, who will address me by mail, will receive prompt attention. Applicants for Pension, Bounty or arrears of pay, in the above counties or other parts of the State, are requested to present their claims to me. They will find it greatly to their interest to do so, as I make no charge whatever for my service.
     The friends of the soldiers everywhere will do them a kindness by making this matter known in their respective localities. Any of our "exchanges" in the foregoing named counties who feel an interest in the welfare of the soldiers or their families, will confer a favor on them and the editor of the "Journal" by a short notice of this agency, stating particularly, that all business pertaining to it, is transacted free of any charge to the claimants.
     R. L. Stewart, O. S. Mil. Agt.

     Gen. H'dquarters, State of Ohio, Adjutant General's Office, April 6, 1864, General Orders No. 10
By authority of an act by the General Assembly, the 'Enrolled Militia" of Ohio, as an organization, is abolished, and the officers thereof will be considered as mustered out of service from the date of passage of said act March 31st, 1864. The Volunteer Militia, as organized under the act of April 14th, 1863, will be continued in service, and will be known hereafter as the "National Guard." Commissioned officers of the Volunteer Militia will be continued in commission as officers of the National Guard. The numerical designation of regiment and battalion will be retained.
     Commanders of companies will assemble their commands at their usual place for company muster at 10 o'clock A.M. on the 25th inst for inspection and review, and immediately thereafter, will transmit to this Department through the proper channel, a report, showing the condition of their command; the strength, number present at muster, number and character of arms and equipments on hand, and numbers that have entered the United States service under the last three calls of the President of the United States. They will also, take immediate steps to recruit their commands to the legal standard. This order must be promptly obeyed. By order of the Governor. B. R. Cowen, Adjutant-General of Ohio

The Gallipolis Journal
April 28, 1864

     Notice is hereby given, that a petition will be presented to the Commissioners of Gallia county, Ohio, at their June session, A.D. 1864, praying for the laying out and establishment of a county road, as follows: Commencing in the Mill creek road, at or near where the private way or road leading from the land of Amos Betz taps said Mill creek road, on 100 acre lot, No. 518, in Gallipolis township, in said Gallia county; thence following said private way or road leading to the land of said Betz, to the line of said Betz land; thence along the private road of said Betz, to a white oak tree in the low gap near a gate in the land of said Amos Betz; thence running on the north side of the fence on said Betz land, to a hickory tree on the line between the lands of said Amos Betz and V. Switzer; thence the best route to a crooked white oak in said Switzer's land, near the fence of John Bowman; thence on a strait [sic] line to the north-east corner of the land owned in common by Josiah Hawk and the Mary Nelson heirs; thence on the line between the land of said V. Switzer, and said last named tract west to a mulberry tree on the land of said V. Switzer, near the line of the land owned by the heirs of Wm. Morrison, deceased; thence in a westerly course to the south-east corner of the garden fence of said Morrison's estate; thence south to strike the line between the lands of said Morrison heirs and Josiah Hawk; thence west on said line to intersect the road leading from Gallipolis to Watson's Mill, known as the Chickamauga road, in section No. 36, in said Gallipolis township.

The Gallipolis Journal                                                                              Top of Page
May 12, 1864

     The body of a soldier was found floating in the Ohio river near the Clipper Mills below Gallipolis, on the 6th day of May, 1864. An inquest was held by Coroner Wall.—The name of the soldier was not known. He was about 21 years of age, five feet ten inches high. In his pocket were found a $5 bill Farmers Bank of Kentucky, also a note signed by 'Andrew Thomas, his mark' payable to Moses Parsons on the next pay day of Co. K 11th Va.
     On the same day, another inquest was held on the body of a soldier found in the river one mile below Gallipolis. Nothing found on him showing his name. He is described as 5,10 in height, heavy set, brown hair, sandy whiskers, cavalry pants and jacket, a linen handkerchief with letter G on one corner R S on another corner; a pass written in pencil, dates [sic] 7th April 1864 signed by E. B. Willer 7th W. Va. Cavalry. Any further information can be obtained from Coroner Wall, Gallipolis, O.

     About 2,000 National Guards are now in camp in Gallipolis. The 47th Reg. Col. Ferguson, from Guernsey county, was mustered into the service before leaving home. The 36th from Athens, 20th Batt. from Sciota [sic], 16th Batt. from Gallia and 15th Batt. from Meigs, are yet to be mustered and consolidated.—Col. Ferguson has the matter in hand and he will be fortunate indeed if he succeeds in so organizing this force as to render general satisfaction. As we go to press the work of consolidation is going on, quite agreeably, save with one company from Meigs county, that refused to be sworn into the service of the United States. We are credibly informed that this is owing to the influence of two men who did not succeed in obtaining the positions they desired. They were ordered under arrest, and will likely have time to reconsider their course. We are informed that three other installations will reach Gallipolis this week, but from what point, we have not ascertained. Next week we shall attempt to give complete statements relative to the Guard and its organization at this post, that is, if we can obtain it, authenticated by the proper authority.

Mr. Editor:
     Please allow us through the columns of your paper, to acknowledge our indebtedness and gratitude, to your and our friend Mr. W. H. Langley, Esq. for his kindness and hospitality to us, while in your town, and for the comforts which he so promptly and freely bestowed, accept our united thanks.
     Co. A 47th U.S., From Guernsey Co. O.

The Gallipolis Journal
May 12, 1864

On Monday, the 18th inst., 550 of our soldiers from Belle Isle and Libby Prison reached Baltimore in a starving condition. Eight died on the passage, among them John Thompson, of the 33d Ohio. On the Wednesday previous Lieut. Forsyth of the 100th Ohio was shot and killed in Libby Prison. He was engaged in reading at the window when killed. The guard alleged that his musket went off accidentally—but no doubt of its being done designedly.

The Gallipolis Journal
May 26, 1864

     Our friend Jas. E. Richardson has leased for a term of years, the three story brick building below the public square, known as the Greenwood building, and is now busily engaged in altering the internal arrangement and refitting the whole, so as to render it the most commodious Hotel in Gallipolis. That a good Hotel is one of the great wants of our town is patent to the eye of every citizen or stranger. Indeed Gallipolis has become noted for its Hotel accommodations as being far behind the times. Mr. Richardson is doing his utmost to remedy this defect, and expects in three weeks to open his house to the public. He is so well known as a landlord, that it is needless to say anything more, than that he assures us he shall spare no effort or expense to render his guests comfortable and make it [in] the interest of the travelling public to give him a call.

     On Monday morning about 120 wounded soldiers from Crooks' division reached this place by steamboat and were soon comfortably lodged in the General Hospital.—Their wounds are mostly slight, and none dangerous. Very many will soon be able to return to duty.—About 40 from Barboursville mostly of the 13th Va., and ill with measles, came up Tuesday morning, all of whom went to the hospital. The number now there is nearly 500.—The admirable treatment they receive, and the fine condition of the Hospital buildings warrants us in saying to the friends of the soldiers, that they are as comfortable as could be desired.

The Gallipolis Journal
June 2, 1864

Extract from a letter from Idaho, to a member of the O.N.G. at Gallipolis, provided to the Journal

     * * * You wish to know what I think of the Idaho gold mines? Well, to make the matter short, I think that the "Bannock City" gold mines, though greatly exaggerated, are less of a humbug than any heretofore discovered in this country.—That gold exists in large quantities I am well convinced. I have seen several specimens of dust, and several nuggets that weighed from five to thirty dollars. I believe in the great law of compensation, that whenever there is a great want for some one thing, there will be some means to supply that want; and I think that this hitherto neglected corner of our country is to supply the gold and silver to pay off our enormous public debt; for not only gold, but silver is found here in large quantities. I have just received a letter from a gentleman in the Bois river diggings, which states that the largest and richest silver mine that has ever been discovered on this continent has just been opened in the Bois valley. The product of this mine alone will be sufficient to redeem Mr. Chase's greenbacks; and that must have given rise to the discovery of these mines. We did not need their riches until now: so you see, that the want is being supplied; and that from a barren, deserted country, from which nothing was ever expected except buffalo robes and beaver skins.
     If you come out next spring, I advise you to come by boat to Fort Union or Fort Benton on the upper Missouri, and then cross by land to Bannock City, which is about 500 miles from Fort Benton, due West. I advise you to bring with you plenty of provisions, as everything out here is at fabulous prices. As you know the road by the land route you may prefer it; if you do, do not come by the route we came by last year, but by the way of Denver City and Fort Halleck, along the Medicine-bow mountains to Green river, and from there to Fort Bridger and Salt Lake City. From Salt Lake the mines are distant about 250 miles Northeast. You need not bring with you more flour and bacon than will do you to Salt Lake, as you can get those things there cheaper than in the States. [No signature]

The Gallipolis Journal
June 9, 1864

     A colored man by name of Washington was drowned in a well on third street Wednesday while engaged in cleaning it out. A pole was being lowered to him for some purpose when it slipped from the rope and striking the unfortunate man on the head, knocked him off the ladder; being stunned by the blow, before help could reach him he was past recovery.

     We have about reached the point, when we must either suspend the publication of the Journal or build an office. Gallipolis has become so densely populated, and rents so exorbitantly high, that many persons could make money by renting their homes and "boardin' around." Hitherto the room occupied by the Journal rented at $50 per annum. Now it cannot be had at any price. We have been kindly offered another at the moderate sum of $200. Considering that we are furnishing the paper at the old rate, and less than its cost to us, we don't see the point in paying $200 for a room that up to this day rents for $100. We have concluded to build, and for this purpose want immediately 10,000 feet (board measure) of green lumber 1 1/2 x 4 inches one edge at least square, and sawed of an even thickness—of any length from 5 to 20 ft. Yellow pine, poplar, oak, ash, or almost any kind of timber will do. Saw millers in the country will please inform us what they will furnish such lumber for, either at the mill or in Gallipolis. Also sheeting and flooring for a building 20 x 60 feet—one story. Will our readers in the country please aid in making this known to any of their neighbors who own lumber mills.

     The 56th Ohio re-enlisted veterans arrived at New York on Thursday, from the department of the Gulf, on their way home on a furlough. This regiment has served through all the battles in the Gulf department, and has lost severely—Two hundred and thirty men are now in the ranks, under command of the senior officer of the regiment, Capt. Menninger. The field officers are all dead or wounded.

The Gallipolis Journal
June 16, 1864

     On Friday last we paid a visit to the U.S. Gen. Hospital for the purpose of reporting as State Agent, to the governor, relative to the condition of our soldiers now there. We found the whole number of patients to be 562, of whom 216 are from Ohio, representing 19 different regiments. All of them seemed to be as comfortable, as it is possible to make men under like circumstances. There are no cases of a serious nature, and in a short time many will be sufficiently restored to return to duty. [ . . . ] There are in the Hospital from West Virginia regiments, 300 men and boys, 126 of whom are from the 13th reg. Va. Inf. Of this latter number, we found about 45 boys varying from 13 to 17 years of age, utterly broken down in constitution and rendered unserviceable for life. Dr. Stone, Surgeon in charge, has forwarded applications for their immediate discharge. [ . . . ]
     From Pennsylvania regiments, we found 32 men, from Tenn. 1, and from Kentucky, 2. In addition to the foregoing there is one company of Veteran Reserves under command of Lieut. Hopkins, numbering 91 men.      . . . The Hospital grounds now contain 20 acres about 15 of which are cultivated as a garden and from present appearance will furnish a large supply of vegetables. Dr. L. R. Stone, Surg. U.S. Vols. is now in charge . . . Dr. Bell, Banta, Levisay, Mills, Rathbone and Phillips are daily in attendance in the various wards. [ . . .]
     In conclusion we may observe that the Gallipolis Hospital will compare favorably with any other of equal magnitude, and we believe second to none. That it is so considered by the Medical Director, is shown by the fact that, a recent order has been made for a further expenditure of $12,000, in construction of buildings, &c.

     Capt. Hamilton of the fine light draught steamer Lizzie C. Hamilton, tenders the use of his boat, to the children and teachers of the M. E. Sunday school on Thursday the 23d inst. for a picnic excursion up the Ohio river. The Boat will leave the wharf at Gallipolis, precisely at 10 o'clock A.M.

     Capt. H. H. Drown has sold his interest in the Bostona No. 2, and she has gone into trade on the lower Ohio. The new and splendid Passenger Packet "Highland Chief," Capt. L. N. Robinson, will supply the place of the Bostona, and run between Cincinnati and Marietta. She was at our wharf on Thursday and elicited great praise from all who visited her.—She is the largest stern-wheel boat on the river, and furnished in a style equal to the best stern wheeler afloat. Capt. Robinson seems determined to leave nothing undone which will conduce to the comfort of his passengers. The Highland Chief passes Gallipolis upward bound on Monday morning of each week, and for Cincinnati on Thursday 12 M.

The Gallipolis Journal
June 23, 1864

     Capt. Manring now in command of the 56th O.V., lately returned from Banks army is in town, and gives a statement of the attack on the John A. Warner quite different from that heretofore received. The numerous friends of Saml. L. Wood, will be gratified to learn that his injuries are not of so serious a nature as first reported. He may probably lose one foot but Capt. Manring is fully certain that the other limb will be saved. He is a prisoner but in charge of our own surgeons and has the best treatment possible to give him. Capt. Manring says further that the rebels in that region have still some vestiges of humanity left them, and generally treat our prisoners well—unless some other accident should intervene to prevent it, our gallant young friend will soon be at home.

     The notorious thief and murderer, Bill Thurman, was lodged in the military jail here, on Sunday last. He was captured while straying a short distance from his men, at Sewell mountain, by two soldiers of the 22nd Ohio Regiment. They had only pistols. It is to be hoped that this bushwhacker will not be permitted to resume his murderous business.

The Gallipolis Journal
July 14, 1864

     In our rambles "around town," we chanced to "drop in" at the Planing Mill and Sash Factory of Ford, Calehan & Company, at the foot of Third street, and were greatly pleased to find the factory complete in every respect. The firm have [sic] spared no expense in fitting up the finest machinery with all the modern improvements. They have secured a large lot of seasoned lumber, [ . . . ] and can furnish on short notice Sash, Doors, Flooring, Mouldings, Steamboat, finishing Material, and in short, everything required by builders of houses or boats. We bespeak for this new enterprise a cordial support on (the) part of the citizens of Gallia county. The proprietors are worthy of it, and being sound Union men, we hope they may receive it.

U.S.A. General Hospital, Gallipolis, Ohio, July 7th, 1864
Editor Journal:
     Will you oblige me by informing the citizens of Gallipolis and vicinity, that for the present, visitors will only be allowed to enter the Hospital between the hours of three and five o'clock P.M. Sunday, Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. This arrangement is necessary from the large number of sick and wounded, many of them severe cases. Visitors would also confer a great favor by not bringing articles of food with them, such as pies, pastry &c. Nothing of this sort should be given to patients without the permission of the attending surgeons.
     L. R. Stone, Surgeon U.S.V. In charge Hos.

     By reference to our advertising columns, it will be seen that the Morgan raid Commissioners will meet in Gallipolis, on the 26th day of July, and remain four days. Claimants for property loss, will do well to be on hand promptly. By a careful examination of the advertisement, persons may save themselves much unnecessary trouble. Those of our readers who have placed their claims in our hands for adjustment, will please call on us with two witnesses, and have their cases prepared for hearing, before the Board meets.—We have an ample supply of blanks furnished by the Commission. The short time allowed this county will render it difficult to prepare your papers so as to enable them to act, unless you do so before they meet.

The Gallipolis Journal
July 21, 1864

     The whole number of patients in the Gen. Hospital in Gallipolis up to the 19th inst., inclusive is seven hundred and ninety one. The following soldiers have died since our last report: F. B. Conrad, co D, 11th Va. I; Jacob Clarke, co. D 116th O.V.I.; James Carter, co. H, 1st Va. Cav.; W. H. Weller, co. C, 54th Pa. I.; Arnold Molohan, co. M, 3d Va. Cav.; Titus Barr, co. L, 14th Pa. Cav.; Daniel Brant, co. D, 8th O. Cav.; Wash. Bryant, co. D, 116th O.V.I.; Thos. King, co. A, 2nd Va. Cav.; Wm. Smith, co. E, 2nd Va. Cav.; John Reeves, co. E, 34th O.V.I.

     High prices have not retarded the march of improvement in Gallipolis. Every where we see new buildings in process of construction. On Court street Mr. Aleshire is erecting a large business house, which will not only do credit to his energy and public spirit but add greatly to the appearance of the street. On the corner of third and State, Messrs Hayward & Son are building a large business house partly designated for their furniture ware rooms. This structure will improve that quarter of the town and relieve the pressure of business on the square. [ . . . ] Messrs Damron, Gilman & Sterneman are building dwelling houses in the vicinity of the Court House, which will tend to fill up that portion of the town. On the wharf, Mr. John Dufour is building a large house. The purpose to which it is to be applied we cannot say. [ . . . ] These new tenements will have a tendency to 'let up' our rents, or at least check the inordinate rates now demanded. That is something gained at least.

The Gallipolis Journal
August 4, 1864

     At a meeting of the members of Comp. B 172d Reg. O.N.G. held at Gallipolis, Ohio, July 30, 1864. The following Resolution was unanimously adopted:
     Resolved: That the thanks of said Company is hereby rendered to the patriotic ladies of Gallipolis, Ohio, for their bounteous feast, given at the Gallia Academy on the 29th inst. Lt. W. G. Kinkead, Pres. L. Dunham, Sec.

The Gallipolis Journal
August 11, 1864

     This distinguished officer, whose merits and services have just been appropriately recognized, by the President, by a promotion from the rank of Brigadier-General, is from Dayton, in this State. He is a graduate from West Point and at the outbreak of the rebellion held the rank of Captain in the regular army. In the summer of 1861, he received the commission of Colonel of the 36th O.V.I., and on the 10th of September following led that regiment into Western Virginia. The command of a brigade was soon after assigned him, but it was not until the battle of Antietam where his efficiency and military skill at length obtained a proper scope for exhibition, that a corresponding rank was conferred upon him. His appointment, however, was antedated to September 7, 1862. Returning to West Virginia, he again scourged the rebels in that section, and was then ordered upon duty with the Army of the Cumberland. As a division commander, first in the infantry, and then in cavalry service, he performed some excellent work in Tennessee. Recalled a second time to West Virginia, he conducted the most important column in the raid to Lynchburg, and on the retrograde movement of our forces in the Kanawha Valley is said virtually to have had command of the entire expedition, and by his well chosen movements to have saved the army from most serious disaster. A better man to command the department in which he is now serving it would be difficult to find.

The Gallipolis Journal
August 25, 1864

     The 192d Pa. Regiment, of 100 days men, reached Gallipolis on Sunday. It numbers 1400 men, mostly Veterans, re-enlisted for special duty. Their destination is unknown but probably they will be sent to the Kanawha.

     The following list of casualties in the 33rd O.V.V. I. has been furnished us by Col. J. H. M. Montgomery:
Aug. 1, Co. F, pr. F. Snively, wounded; Co. I pr. P. Hysell wounded sev.
Aug. 2, Co. H, pr. F. Fugeres, wounded, sev.
Aug. 5, Co. F, pr. M. B. Wooton, wounded severely
Aug. 7, Maj. B. F. Bare wounded dangerously
Aug. 10, Co. F, pr. Berry Boyles killed; Co. F, pr. George Bennett killed; Co. B pr. Danl Grines wounded mortally; Co. B pr. Tho's Grooms wounded slightly; Co. C pr Sam Woods wounded serious; Co. C pr. John C. Officer wounded severely; Co. D pr. Phil. Elhalf wounded dangerously; Co. H pr John Thornburg wounded slight—Co. F pr. Wm. Dudley wounded dang.; Co. G pr Ira L. Dunham wounded severely

The Gallipolis Journal
September 8, 1864

     Mr. Stewart: Permit me through the columns of the Journal to express my sentiments of respect for the Officers and Men belonging to the 192 Pa. Regt. now encamped on my farm. The strict regard they have thus far paid to my rights as a citizen is in marked contrast to that heretofore received, and merits at my hands this testimonial to their gentlemanly deportment and good conduct. Respectfully, J. R. Smithers, Gallipolis, O.

     Col. John Ferguson of the 172d O.N.G., has been relieved of duty as commander of this post in consequence of the expiration of the term of his regiment and it(s) being mustered out of service. During his administration Col. Ferguson has conducted the affairs of the Post in a manner highly gratifying to all concerned. By his gentlemanly deportment, he has made hosts of friends, and none of his predecessors have succeeded in discharging the duties of the office with more firmness and ability. The colonel will bear with him, we are sure, the good wishes and respect of our citizens.

    The 192d Pa. Regiment, of 100 days men, reached Gallipolis on Sunday. It numbers 1400 men, mostly Veterans, re-enlisted for special duty. Their destination is unknown but probably they will be sent to the Kanawha.

     Mr. E. Deletombe long known as one of our principal merchants has disposed of his stock to Mr. W. Y. Miles and retired from business. Few of our business men have succeeded so well as Mr. Deletombe. By close attention, strict integrity and fair dealing, he was always able to retain a class of customers who could appreciate these qualities.—Without making any display or show, his business steadily increased until he has found himself able to retire when in the prime of life.
     Mr. W. Y. Miles who succeeds him, is too well known to our citizens to require any notice at our hands. A thorough business man, polite, affable and accomodating, of irreproachable morals, and sterling honesty, we look upon him as a valuable accession to the society of our town, and one who will take an active interest in all measures of public interest. We predict for Mr. Miles an unusual degree of success in his mercantile affairs, and trust that our farmers and citizens will give him a call. He will not be found a whit behind his predecessor, in his devotion to the Union cause, which with loyal men these times is somewhat of an object.

The Gallipolis Journal
September 15, 1864

     The National Guards have been allowed to take their arms home with them, at which Copperheads writhe and wriggle as though they were already under their fire. It is undoubtedly a wise precaution on the part of the Government. In localities where the draft was to be opposed by force of arms, the individuals urging it, may be saved from committing great outrages. The arms are given the Guards to enforce the laws. Those only who violate or oppose the execution of these laws, need fear. If none but Copperheads make up that class, they have themselves to blame, and must bear the consequences.

     Capt. Fred. Ford launched his new boat at Pt. Pleasant on last Sunday. The craft glided beautifully into the water, and without the slightest accident. The hull is a beautiful one, built by Mr. George H. Mitchell, of Gallipolis. For strength and quality of material, it is probably superior to any one on the river. The timber was carefully selected when growing, by Captain Ford himself. Then again culled at the Mill, and finally at the ship-yard. Although one of the largest class of stern-wheel boats, being 160 feet long, 32 ft. beam, and 5 ft. hold, she drew when launched, five inches at the stern, and seven inches at the bow. She is to be finished in first rate style as a passenger and freight packet, and will be out about the last of October. Captain Ford is one of the uncompromising Union men of West Virginia, who has made a record for himself of undoubted loyalty and devotion to the Union. He deserves, on that account, the support of shippers and passengers, to which his qualities as a steamboatman added, will ensure success, all of which we heartily wish him.

The Gallipolis Journal
October 20, 1864
[Taken from the Washington Chronicle]

     In the Quartermaster-General's Department there is a branch under the immediate direction of Capt. Jas. M. Moore, Assistant Quartermaster, embracing several departments of mechanics and industry. Among the latter is that of storing and caring for the effects of deceased officers and soldiers. As a rule, all such effects, wherever found, are labelled, "Capt. J. M. Moore, A.Q.M., Washington, D.C.," and forwarded to his office. When the original owner's address is on the baggage, it is entered on the books in the office. If no inscription be found the package is opened and examined; and such marks as may lead to its identification are noted. The goods are then passed to their proper places.
     The buildings used as storehouses for these articles are necessarily very capacious, for over six hundred regiments and batteries are represented here, and each State has its distinctive apartment; not only so, but every regiment has its appropriate place, all articles are alphabetically arranged, so that in two minutes after the address on the package is made known, the article sought for is found. All applications for the recovery of such effects must be accompanied by sufficient evidence to prove the applicant entitled to receive the same, and should be addressed to Capt. James M. Moore, A.Q.M., 131 F street, Washington, D.C.

The Gallipolis Journal
October 20, 1864

     John Scott, George Russell, and George Coon, of Gallia county, employees under Capt. Rickenbaugh, at Gauley, were captured and taken to Richmond. We learn that they are probably dead, and that the friends of these persons can get their wages on application to Capt. Rickenbaugh at Harrisburgh, Pennsylvania.

     Captain James Grafton, Company D, 179th O.V.I., writes us as follows from Nashville, Tenn., dated Oct. 12th, 1864: "I left Gallipolis with 90 men, went to Camp Chase, organized my company, and was assigned to the 179th, Col. H. H. Sage. My officers are 1st Lieutenant Vinton and 2nd Lieutenant A. H. Armstrong. Men generally well and satisfied."

     Mr. Samuel Lasley, one of our policemen, was shot on Wednesday night last, by a member of the 192d Pennsylvania, named James Smith. The ball penetrated the scalp, but passed out without fracturing the skull. Had it struck half an inch lower death would have ensued.—Smith was taken into custody, what the result of it has been, we have not been informed.

    LOST - A large black TRUNK containing papers and clothing of Lt. H. G. Otis, 12th Reg. O.V.I. The TRUNK is marked on the outside. "Mrs. E. A. Otis, Charleston, W. Va." The finder will be rewarded by leaving it in the hands of Mr. W. Y. Miles, merchant, Gallipolis, O.

The Gallipolis Journal
October 27, 1864

     On Saturday night last, the Jeweller shop of Mr. Julius Robert, in Deletombe's building, was broken into by some scoundrels who took out the back windows. About $60 worth of property was carried off.—At the same time, and in the same way, they entered the Tailor shop of Mr. S. Roberts, adjoining the above, and abstracted from it nearly $400 worth of clothing and goods.—Burglaries are becoming so frequent in our town, that unless the citizens use more caution, they will meet with continued losses. A nail above a window offers little resistance to skillful burglars, who by taking off a moulding on the outside, easily removed the whole sash. [ . . . ] Mr. S. Roberts offers fifty dollars reward for information leading to the recovery of the clothing, or arrest of the thief.
     On Monday night last, the Grocery of Henry Vaughn, on the corner of Pine and Third streets, was broken into by some villains, and property in the amount of $200 was taken off. They also carried off the deed of his property, license, receipts, and all his private papers. No clue whatever has been obtained that will lead to the detection of the burglars. [ . . . ] If nothing else will do, our citizens must form a vigilance committee, and shoot or hang the first rascal caught in these robberies.

     Notice is hereby given that a petition will be presented to the Commissioners of Gallia county, at their next session, to be held on the first Monday of December A.D., 1864, praying for the alteration of the county road leading from the village of Vinton, in Huntingdon [sic] township, Gallia county, Ohio to Wood's Mill, in Raccoon township, Gallia county, Ohio, as follows: Commencing on the north bank of Raccoon creek, where the Section line between Section No. Twenty-four and Twenty-five crosses said creek; thence down and following the meanderings of said creek to the mouth of Glenn's Run; thence until it intersects the said road from Vinton to Wood's Mill.
     Also, that part of the road leading from the village of Vinton, in Huntingdon [sic] township, Gallia county, Ohio, to the village of Porter, Springfield township, Gallia county, Ohio, commencing at the same place, on the north bank of Raccoon creek; thence following the said road, leading to the village of Porter, as it is now opened and traveled to an apple tree on the lands now occupied by Benj. Martin; thence the nearest and best way, following along on the side of the hill, until it intersects the old road on the lands belonging to John M'Carley—all on Section No.25, of Huntingdon [sic] township, Gallia county, Ohio. This August 8th, A.D. 1864

The Gallipolis Journal
November 3, 1864

     An election for Justice of the Peace was held in Guyan Township on the 29th ult. Mr. Hiram Rankin (Union), was elected over George Chapman Esq. (Copperhead) by a majority of eight votes. The latter person has held the office of Justice of the Peace in that township, over twenty years. The Union men have concluded to place it in the hands of a sound Union man. Good for Guyan. She will do still better for Lincoln.

     Two companies of the 37th Iowa, under command of Major Lyman Allen, are now performing guard duty at this post. The regiment was organized in 1862, and consists wholly of men over 45 years of age and not subject to military duty.—They had at that time over 1400 sons and grandsons in the service. These companies, since their arrival, have given proof that they give respect to the rights of private citizens. The good order they have observed is in marked contrast to the 192nd Pa. relieved by them—as much to the relief of our citizens as to the regiment itself. This 37th regiment now numbers 500 men, and if all here, would prove amply sufficient for guard duty at this post.—It is to be hoped they will be reunited and remain here.

     Lieut.-Col. Jas. H. Montgomery of the 33d O.V.I. reached home on Saturday last, to the great joy of his friends and acquaintances. We regret to find him in very poor health, and suffering from the terrible wound he received in front of Atlanta. It is hardly probable that he will ever again be fit for active service. This is greatly to be regretted. The service can ill afford to lose men of such undaunted courage and pure patriotism, as Col. Montgomery. In this respect his course is in marked contrast to that of Col. Oscar F. Moore of the 33d, who resigns for the good of the service, and comes home to make Copperhead speeches in favor of 'Peace and Pendleton.' He declares the war 'a failure.' So it would be if left in the hands of such patriots (?) as he. But Col. Montgomery asserts the contrary, that it is no failure, but a success, and a little more such fighting as has been done this summer, will bring the rebels to their senses. He should know rather than Moore, for he was at the front all the time fighting the foe, which the other was not.

Editor Journal:
     After experiencing the kind consideration of the citizens of Gallipolis for nine and a half years, it is with heartfelt gratitude that I record a surprise visit from a large number of them last evening, just as we were preparing to remove from the place to a neighboring city in Ohio. To them, and all other friends of the town and vicinity, I take this opportunity to tender an affectionate farewell on part of myself and family, with the assurance that our earnest prayer is for their success in every good work, in the business of life, and for their eternal well-being.
     John Rowe

The Gallipolis Journal
Deceber 29, 1864

     On Sunday afternoon last, the fine new steamer J. G. Blackford, Capt. F. Ford, in making a landing at Minersville, struck a large rock and became fast. The water falling rapidly before she could be lightened, left her in such a position as to break one of her hog chains, a few timbers, and seriously bulge the cabin floor. Her freight, cabin furniture, and almost everything that could be taken off, was removed, but did not lighten her enough to float off. The tow boat, Bee, coming along, made fast to her, and finally succeeded in getting her off at about 11 o'clock at night. The Lizzie Hamilton also afforded great assistance in getting off freight. The Blackford was making her first trip to Pittsburg. It is not supposed that the injuries to the boat are of any great extent. Mr. Robison, a citizen of Gallipolis and watchman on the Blackford, was out on shore making the stern line fast. He had a revolver in a belt around him, which dropped out and in striking the ground went off, the ball passing through his left breast killing him instantly.

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